The Winged Victory of Samothrace, c. 200 BCE, captures the beauty, elegance, and sublimity of a branch of our beroic Indo-European religion that lingered amidst a decadent and darkening Hellenistic Greece. The winged female form was later stolen by Christiansl as was so much else that was pagan, purel and true to the religious instincts of our people. The statue now resides in the Louvre in Paris.
and Counterfeit Christianity
William B. Fox
Orginally published in
Spring (Runic Era) 2242 (1992) Vor Tru Magazine
under pen name "Thor Sanhet"
This is Part 1 of a two part series.
(Editor's 2009 note: Many addresses cited in
may no longer be effective)
"Should the subduing talisman, the Cross, break then will come roaring forth tbe wild madness of the old champions, the insane berserker-rage of which the Northern poets sing. That talisman is brittle, and the day will come when it will pitifully break. The old stone gods will rise from the long forgotten ruin and rub the dust of a thousand years from their eyes: and Thor, leaping to life with his giant Hammer, will crush the Gothic Cathedrals."
--Heinrich Heine, 19th Century German-Jewish poet
"There are no stone gods, only the living Life Force of our ancestors -the Holy Aesir and Vanir. They lovingly speak to us today, as they have quietly tried to speak to all generations, even when suppressed by the Levantine-inspired confusion generated by the alien Christ cult. Our Gods call upon us to defend all that is sublime, chivalrous, and noble in Western Civilization --to include the great Gothic Cathedrals-- that have sprung from our collective soul forged in the rigorous ancestral lands of Northern Europe and Northern Eurasia. Now that our civilization and people are in growing danger, we must attune ourselves to the emergency frequency of group survival and invest our instinctive altruism wisely. The thirst for knowledge of Odin, our tireless and unlimited capacity to create real and useful things, and our sacred traditions of scientific inquiry and rational government --all of tbese noble traits are needed now more than ever. We must unite in common purpose to take control of our destiny, reach for the stars, and create a sane and viable world."
--Thor Sannhet, a 20-21st century Asatruar who wishes to defend the noble faith of his ancestors from Heinrich Heine's disinformation.
The December 2, 1991 Christian News published the article "Scholars Say Jesus Never Claimed to Be Son of God." A lot of people like myself who disagree with the Fundamentalist Christian theology of its editor, Rev Herman Otten, nevertheless admire his honesty in reprinting articles that appear from all over the spectrum, ranging from Revolutionary Communist Worker, with its inflammatory rhetoric that glorifies a future insurrection in which minorities set fire to American cities, to rightist publications, such as the anti-Christian Liberty Bell whose authors have submitted criticisms to his paper. According to the Jesus Seminar article, the scholars claim that, "The real Jesus was a Jewish peasant, probably illiterate, who healed the sick in God's name and preached radical equality ... The most influential figure in Western history did not think of himself as the only son of God, the scholars say, nor claim he would return after his death." The Jesus Seminar consists of nearly 200 reputable Bible scholars from major universities and mainstream churches. The March 18, 1991 Christian News published a front page article that began, "After rejecting all but one saying of Jesus in the Gospel of John, the controversial Jesus Seminar has completed its six-year study of sayings attributed to Jesus and decided that only 20 per cent of those in the Bible may have come from him."
I know of a lot of Christians who are fundamentally decent and honorable people with good instincts. It is my hope that we can achieve a dialog with them that breaches the fearsome impressions and emotional labels created by propagandists such as Heinrich Heine. For starters, while most Christians feel increasingly confused by the erosion of their faith, they still grimace at the thought of a "pagan" alternative.
Howard Lindsell, editor of Christianity Today, has a surprise for Christians. He says in his book The New Paganism: Understanding American Cuhure & The Role of The Church (New York: Harper & Row, 1987): "The purpose of this book is to document the fact that Western culture today is dominated by paganism." He calls the United States a post-Christian nation. In other words, old pagan gods have in fact already revived. That part Heinrich Heine got right in his prediction. The "catch" is that they are not our Gods. They are the literal-equalitarian gods of liberal secular humanism, self-indulgence, and permissiveness. They encourage philandering rather than shouldering the manly and womanly responsibilities of raising a family. They are also the neo-Marxist gods of "political correctness" which have sabotaged academic freedom and excellence in our universities. They include internationalist "one world" order gods that seek to dissolve U.S. sovereignty, erase our borders, destroy our Constitution, and eliminate our right to taxation with representation. Everywhere that these gods do their mischief, they seek to take the diversity of indigenous peoples and mix them up into a drab, proletarianized global monoculture, thereby robbing the peoples of this world of their variety, uniqueness, and sense of rootedness.
No, these are not the old Norse Gods who we can feel in the quiet birch forests, cascading mountain streams, and ocean-blue winding fjords. They are not the Gods who say "Yes" to life, who unite us with our ancestors, and work for a brighter future for our people. They are demonic gremlins that relentlessly tear our social order apart, sew deep confusion in our land, and alienate our people from themselves.
Another alien aspect of the new pagan cosmology is its Manichaean dichotomy between good and evil and its emphasis upon appearances rather than substance. Words are used as labels and as weapons to conceal or dodge truth rather than reveal it. Under the "political correctness" mania now rampant in our universities, students are punished more for how words sound than how they relate to logical and factual arguments.
Our ancestors lived in harmony with nature and their instincts. It was a very cold, cruel, and unforgiving environment, particularly during the long winters, but that only selected for higher instincts and abilities. Our ancestors dealt with the forces of destructiveness and decay in a pragmatic way without heavy moralization. They prided themselves in their kinship and ancestry, and saw only good in working for the survival of their own people. They upheld honor and valor not as convoluted legalisms, but as compulsions deeply ingrained in their hearts and mental fiber. It was always better to get the job done with some rough edges than to attend to the edges but not complete the job. They saw life in terms of the costs and benefits of every action, which they themselves were most competent to judge. They did not need arrogant, intolerant, self-anointed, and dogmatic messiahs to try to kidnap their religious sensibilities and install alien dogma. They did not need to be preached to like little children about the "goodies" and "baddies" of life. They had logical, rational, analytical brains which were sufficient to perceive the order of the universe and impose order and discipline within their own existence. Our heathen ancestors were hardy, healthy, noble, brave, and free-spirited peoples. They lived fully and well before an alien and low-cunning religious virus from degenerate and balmy southlands seduced their minds and sapped their will.
The new paganism drowns us in its minutia and its vicious double standards. It slyly instructs us to be nicer to alien interests than to our own kind. With devious delight it prioritizes the value of money before the survival of our people. It is Byzantine, oily, and stiffling to our souls. It is more corrupt and degraded than the worst aspects of conservative Christianity. At least conservative Christians among our people tend to have a sense of rootedness, social responsibility, and healthy spiritual instincts.
There are many contradictory passages between the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Old Testament is slanted towards "eye-for-an eye" ethics and Hebrew tribalism. It is "rightist." The New Testament is slanted towards "turn the other cheek" ethics and universalism. It is "leftist." Christians who consult both find a Ouija Board to guide their instincts. Their scattered readings, combined with their prayerful meditation, help to evoke their most fundamental feelings of spirituality.
Tuning into fundamental religious instincts is what Asatru is also all about. But we use a different medium to achieve a sense of spirituality than the Christians. We find it in the ancient Norse wisdom and sagas. We also find it in the fellowship of our kindreds.
We like our religious instincts because we like ourselves as a people. We like the Viking thirst for knowledge, exploratory drive, valor, and gusto for life. We like all of the great things that they and their descendants and all closely related European peoples have contributed to Western Civilization: their sublime Gothic cathedrals, their longstanding track record of rational and restrained forms of government, to include republican and democratic institutions, and their awesome progress in science, technology, culture, and all other arts of civilization. Our forebears and ancestral close cousins created the greatness of pagan Greece and Rome. With the spirit of Asatru in our hearts we will reverse the decline of the West and promulgate a space age civilization that will take our people to the stars.
Although I disagree with the Fundamentalist Christian theology of the Reverend Herman Otten, the editor of the Christian News [Rural Route 1, Box 309A, New Haven, Missouri 63068], who reported the Jesus Seminar, I am in full agreement with his basic values that favor our nation first, the family, honesty, and community service. Like the good Reverend Otten, I deeply resent the sustained attacks currently being made by special interests in this country on our Constitutional rights. And like the good Reverend I detest the grating assaults made daily upon the folkways and heritage of the Northern European descended peoples in the United States.
Having said all of this, I approach the task of presenting theories about the origins of Judeo-Christianity with some wariness. We live in an age in which it is becoming increasingly more difficult for an intellectually honest person to dispassionately consider ideas. Liberal Jewish and Christian organizations have submitted model legislation proposals in state legislatures to dramatically restrict First Amendment freedoms in the name of averting "hate crimes" or "ethnic intimidation." The sad day may come in America in which any person who speaks critically of a religion or ethnic group will risk suffering criminal penalties simply because someone, somewhere, finds something offensive in that criticism.
The good news is that by aggressively speaking out now in favor of the First Amendment, Western Civilization, and Asatru, we can begin to enlighten enough people to prevent the nightmare destruction of our most fundamental freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution.
In both the Winter 2242 issue of Vor Tru [Box 961, Payson, AZ 85547], which contains a transcript of a lecture that Oak Thorgeir and I gave to the Leif Erikson Society of New York, and in the Fall 2241 issue, which contains my article "'Vinland Revisited' Revisits the Aesir" article, I touched upon a variety of areas of criticism regarding Christianity. In the Fall article I mentioned the Nietzschean theory that Christian ideology and New Testament documentation were deliberately fabricated as a psychological warfare weapon to unhinge the Roman Empire. This merits clarification and some information about additional theories that help to put this theory into its proper context.
Before looking at the origins of Christianity, we must first look at how our genuine indigenous ancestral faith of Asatru never died out and lived on among the Vikings for centuries after they superficially converted to Christianity.
THE NORSE SIDE OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY
The book Viking: Hammer of the North by the Icelandic scholar Magnus Magnusson depicts a photo of the roof of a beautiful stave church at Fagusnes in Borgund, Norway. It was built in the twelfth century, which was the same century in which the Asatru temple in Uppsala, Sweden was razed and replaced with a Christian Church. On the two lower roofs of the Norwegian church are two crosses, but on the two roofs above them are dragon's heads. The bows of Asatru Viking ships also carried dragon heads.
Viking: Hammer of the North also has scenes from the twelfth century church at Urnes, in Sogn, Norway, which shows Yggdrasil, the world tree, with a stag that seems to be under attack from the serpent Nidhogg. Elsewhere in Magnusson's book is a series of pictures of Sigurd fighting the dragon from the Poetic Edda that comes from the twelfth century stave church at Hylestad, Norway.
Stag and Nidhogg carved on the porch
of the Urnes stave church in Norway
In my Asatru library I also have slides which depict the following scenes: a wood carving of Odin from the Hegge stave church in Norway, a twelfth century tapestry depicting Odin, Thor, and Frey from the Skog church in Sweden, and a carving of the wolf Fenris found high in the rafters of the Fantoft stave church near Bergen, Norway. (These slides come from the series "The Gods of the Norsemen" by Mr. Rolf Erikson, available for $35.00 from the Religion and Ethics Institute, P.O. Box 5510, Evanston, It. 60204) According to Erikson, "The Norse [pagan] temples were torn down as required by the Church, and the churches were often erected on the same spots [called Istave' churches because of the upright timbers or Istaves' used in their construction]. It is the churches were built in the same style, although no contemporary Norse temples exist."
Stag and Nidlwgg carved on the porch of the Urnes stave church in Norway
The pagan spirit lived on even through the Christian leaders. According to Rolf Erickson:
Even in book illustrations in the Christian medieval period there was a blending of the two religions. The Christian artist, very likely a monk, had no problem depicting the "pagan" king Harald the Fair Hair cutting the fetters of the giant Dofri who was to become his foster father.
The cults which grew up around the Christian saints such as St. Olaf have unmistakable Norse overtones. St. Olaf, regarded as a great warrior king, became in effect a substitute for Thor and was even shown with an ax in his hand. Over his grave a magnificent cathedral [Nidaros] was erected in Trondheim, Norway. St. Magnus of the Orkney Islands was also a popular "jarl" or earl. Shortly after he was killed in a political struggle, he was declared a martyr and a large cathedral, begun in 1137, was erected to him in Kirk wall. Worship of these saints were translations of Norse hero cults into the Christian mythology.
It was only after the pagan traditions had been allowed to fade with each passing generation, and the invention of the printing press made it economical to insert Biblical dogma into every household, that the really deep indoctrination began. Initially, Christian churches compromised heavily with pagan traditions in order to fasten themselves on to their subject populations. They expropriated the "Yule" celebration of the winter solstice and in England renamed it "Christmas." In Scandinavia the rightful name of "Yule" (or "Jul" in Norwegian) has fortunately survived. In England, Scandinavia, and Germany the Church allowed the indigenous names for the days of the week to remain, such as Tuesday for Tyr, Wednesday for Wodan, Thursday for Thor, and Friday for Frigg, wife of Odin. In the Greek and Latin-speaking countries, the old supreme deity of Zeus became "Deus," as in the slogan of the Crusades "Deus Vult" ("God wills it"). In the Northern lands, there were many variations of the name of our All-Father: Odhinn (Old Norse), Woden (Anglo-Saxon), Wodan (Old High German), and Godan (Frankish, Lombardic). Instead of importing the Hebraic names of "YHVH" or Yahweh (used 6,600 time in the Bible) or Elohim (used 2,600 times in Hebrew scriptures), the Anglo-Saxon Church wound up with "God," a name very similar to the "Godan" used by Charlemagne's forebear's minus the last syllable. Finally, the angels and cherubs in the Old Testament are male (cf. Jude 1:9 about the archangel Michael) and are even composite creatures (Ezekiel 1:6 "everyone had four faces and four wings"); beautiful, two-winged, Valkyrian-type females that appear in Christian cemetaries came from European paganism.
In 11th century Norway, a "conversion" to Christianity simply meant taking an oath to Christ. It did not imply any deep indoctrination. The basic structure of the beliefs of the people in Norway from the 11th to 15th centuries arguably remained more Asatru than Christian despite the outward Christian names and symbols. The people simply swapped Thor's hammer for the cross and the Odin-Thor-Frey Trinity for the Father-Son-Holy Ghost Trinity, but the underlying religious instincts remained identical and the general approach to worship bore many similarities.
Nidaros Cathedral in
Even the external appearances of the quaint, rustic, and hardy stave churches of Norway, of which forty still survive to this day, look more Asatru to me than Christian. The esthetics and style of the buildings and the nature of the worship were clearly more Norse than anything else. The stag and Nidhogg carving at Urnes is early ninth century pagan. Some scholars believe that the stave churches closely resemble the pagan temples that came before them. This is hard to prove since the pagan temples were supposedly torn down and new Christian churches were built over the old sites. Would not it be wonderful if the truth is that some of those beautiful old stave churches are really old Asatru temples in which a few dragon heads on the rafters got swapped with crosses, while other dragon heads were left alone?
In speaking about the majestic churches of Europe, we have to remind ourselves that Christianity originated among the Jewish people. The Jewish people have historically had more of an ideological, literary, and mercantile tradition than a "physical culture" ideal. The Fourth Commandment (Exodus 20: 4) states "You shall not make for yourself a graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth ... " At various times in Jewish history this commandment resulted in bans by rabbis against all forms of art work. In The Dispossessed Majority, Wilmot Robertson writes that, "The religious writings of the Jews were their only lasting contribution to ancient civilization, unless one insists on adding the chauvinistic philosophy of Philo and the allegorical histories of Josephus. Almost no Jewish painting or sculpture --against which there were Biblical injunctions-- and only the barest traces of Jewish music, architecture or science have survived from classical times."
In Stranger Than Fiction: A Short History of the Jews From Earliest Times to Today, (New York: Macmillan, 1929), Rabbi Lewis Browne talks about how rabbis in Jewish communities spent their leisure hours disputing ideological points.
They discussed not merely what prayers should be recited in the synagogues, and what writings were holy enough to be read there, but also why Negroes have flat feet, haw the stars move in the heavens, in what manner to set a broken bonee, and just haw beautiful a girl was Ruth.
All of their free hours and days and years they spent in those houses of learning, gravely worrying about everything under the sun. Sport they frowned upon, far by very temperament they could not enjoy it. So. instead of playing in the sun in their spare time, instead of running races or throwing javelins like the Romans, they withdrew into their dark little schools and talked. And thus a new type of man became their idol --not the great athlete but the great scholar. And a new sort of aristocracy arose among them --an aristocracy not of birth or wealth but of learning (pages 165-166).
This contrasts with the pagan delight of Indo-European Greeks and Romans who created statues of heroic nudes and built temples that appeared so majestic and elegant that the buildings themselves commanded reverence. Isaac Asimov's Guide to the Bible discusses how Jewish religious leaders in the Maccabean era castigated "Hellenized" Jews who were overly infatuated with Greek art and culture and were overly desirous of imitating it. Before Rabbi Kahane was assassinated, I saw a number of his columns in the Jewish Press castigating "Hellenized" contemporary Jews who he felt identified too heavily with Western cultural values. The book The Painted Word by the American author and social critic Tom Wolfe discusses the tendency towards abstract art rather than representational art among Jewish artists and Jewish people who patronize or interpret art. The title of the book was taken from an analysis by a modern art critic which Wolfe uses to support his underlying thesis that the development of modern art has been transformed by people who relate more to ideology and the "word" than to classical or romantic concepts of artistic esthetics.
The 16 Oct 1989 Time article "Time For a New Temple?" discusses current plans for the creation of the Third Temple in Jerusalem (which will require the politically and religiously explosive removal of the Dome of the Rock, the third holiest shrine in Islam). The article depicts a building that is small and austere compared to virtually all of the major Gothic and Romanesque cathedrals in Europe.
There are some complexities involved in interpreting the pagan tendencies of Northern Europeans through the temples that they built in either the pagan period or the later Christian period. According to the Roman writer Tacitus, the Germans tended to hold their pagan ceremonies outdoors in sacred groves, because they felt that the spirit of their God was so great that it could not be held within a building. A similar pattern was found among the Celts. Among the Norse, the religious leaders tended to be the heads of households and they too often used sacred groves. With the exception of a very small priesthood by Uppsala, Sweden and possibly in Trondheim, Norway, there were no permanent priest classes or formalized religious institutions. There is an eyewitness account of a pagan temple at the home of Odin in Uppsala, Sweden by the twelfth century Christian traveler Adam of Bremen who described walls coated with gold. Statues of Odin, Thor, and Frey statues stood in the interior. There are accounts of other temples elsewhere, but most of them were written down two hundred years or more after the alleged pagan temples were torn down.
Of course we need to keep in mind that the Nordic and Celtic peoples of the pre-Christian era were largely rural, and that. temple building tends to be an urban phenomenon. The coming of Christianity to Northern Europe also correlated with its growing urbanization. Early paganism correlates with free-spirited nomads, rural people, and stout-hearted hunter-warriors. More on this later.
When late medieval Spaniards decided to build the great cathedral at Seville, they said, "We will build a cathedral so large that the whole world will think us mad for doing so!" I. have toured cathedrals in such European countries as Germany, Italy, France, and Britain and have detected a similar spirit. The desire to capture the quest for ever broadening frontiers and the sublime in the form of a building was really more of an pagan Indo-European spirit than an expression of Jewish culture. The yearning to explore what lies over the horizon came long before the Vikings. It is the spirit of frost zone hunter-warriors and nomads of Northern Europe and Eurasia who had to canvas broad expanses to survive in their meager environments. The ones who were not this way died out and did not pass on their genes or temperamental traits. I believe that the attitude that "The spirit of God is too great to be held by walls" became transformed into "God is so great that we must create a great and sublime building to be His house."
God and Adam and Eve are all blonds in this paint-
ed ceiling at the Aal
stave church in Norway
I have toured the Romanesque cathedrals of Italy, and in them I feel more of the thundering power of the Greco Roman Gods, cousins of our Gods, than the spirit of Levantine Christianity. The Parthenon in Athens Greece, site of formalized experiments in republicanism and democracy by fair haired Greeks, has a sublime spirituality to it. The great literature of the ancient Greeks and Romans, which includes the Iliad and Odyssey, has the heroic and chivalrous spirit of the Norse Sagas. It describes essentially the same kinds of light haired and light-eyed people as the Norse. Open air sites such as the Thingvellir site in Iceland, the site of the Norse pagan founding of longstanding republican government that began in 930 AD, or the home of Odin in Uppsala, Sweden, are all hallowed, sacred land. The truly holy lands of our planet for our people are west of the Bosporus areas of our most direct sources of spiritual inspiration lie north of the Alps.
In his book The Dispossessed Majority, Wilmot Robertson describes in his chapter "The Secularization of Religion" how Christianity became transformed in its fundamental character as it spread from its Asiatic home base. This supports my thesis, once again, that in the first few centuries after the advent of Christianity, the religion practiced by the Norse was in important respects more Asatru than Christian.
Professor Guignebert of the University of Paris, perhaps the most informed modern biblical scholar, has provided an interesting sidelight on the development of Christianity by noting the changing "appearance" of Jesus through the ages. The first depictions of Jesus made him hairy, ugly, and abject. Later in Gothic rose windows and statuary and in Renaissance paintings and frescoes, Christ was endowed with Nordic features and at times looked more like Siegfried than the son of a Mediterranean carpenter. Many paintings of the Holy Family portrayed the Virgin and the Christ Child with blond hair and blue eyes. The Aesthetic Prop [Nordic features] was everywhere visible in the greatest masterpieces of Church-sponsored art.
Robertson actually understates his case. According to the booklet Pagan Origins of the Christ Myth, by John Jackson, published by American Atheist [Box 140195, Austin, TX 78714-0195], there are uncanny connections between the name "Christ," which Webster's Dictionary says is derived from Christos in Greek or "anointed," and the similar-sounding name of Krishna, referred to by Encyclopaedia Britannica as the dark aboriginal leader in the Hindu faith first mentioned in the very ancient Vedas of India. Krishna is a central figure of the Bhagavad Gita written around 500 B.C. John Jackson describes the similarities between Christ and Krishna:
Another great pagan christ was Krishna of India. In the sacred books of India it is recorded that Krishna was born of the virgin Devaki, that his nativity was heralded by a star, and that though of royal lineage, he was born in a cave (according to the apocryphal gospel of Protevangelion, a work attributed to James, the brother of Jesus, the Christian savior was born in a cave). At the time of Krishna's birth, the cave was mysteriously illuminated. (At the birth of Jesus, "there was a great light in the cave, so the eyes of Joseph and the Midwife could not bear it.") The infant Krishna spoke to his mother soon after his birth. ("Jesus spake even when he Ivas in the cradle, and said to his mother, --Mary I am Jesus the Son of God...according to apocryphal gospels of 1 and 2 Infancy). Krishna was born while his foster father Nanda was in the city to pay his tax to the King (Jesus was born while Joseph was in the city to pay his tax to the governor --Luke 2:1-3,5). The babe Krishna was adored by cowherds. (The infant Jesus was adored by shepherds). King Kansa sought the life of the Indian Christ by ordering the massacre of all male children born during the same night as was Krishna. This is almost identical with the story of the slaughter of the innocents, ordered by Herod --Matthew 2:16.) Nanda was warned by a heavenly voice to flee with the infant Krishna across the Jumna River, to Gakul, to escape King Kansa. (Joseph was warned by a voice in a dream to flee into Egypt with the Christ-child to escape the wrath of Herod.) Krishna performed many miracles in the city of Malhura. (Jesus, while in Egypt, lived in a town named Matarea, where he performed many miracles.) Krishna was a crucified christ. He is pictured in Indian art as hanging on a cross with arms extended. (Dr. Thomas Inman, a celebrated authority on pagan and Christian symbolism, states that "Crishna, whose history so closely resembles our Lord's, was also like him in his being crucified.") Krishna was pierced by an arrow while hanging on the cross. (Jesus was pierced by a spear during his crucifixion). The light of the sun was blotted out at noon on the day of Krishna's death. (The sun was darkened from the sixth to the ninth hour on the day of the crucifixion of Christ). Krishna descended into hell to raise the dead before returning to the abode of the gods. (We read of Jesus Christ that: "he descended into hell, and on the third day rose again from the dead." The Descent into Hell of Jesus is described in the apocryphal gospel of Nicodemus.) Krishna rose from the grave, and finally ascended bodily to heaven in the presence of a multitude of spectators. (A similar story is related of Jesus Christ). In Indian art, Krishna is represented as a man of black complexion. The word Krishna literally means "The Black." (In early Christian art Jesus is almost invariably represented as a Black man.) Sir Godfrey Higgins made a thorough investigation of the pictures and images of Black Infants and Madonnas in the cathedrals of Europe:
In all the Romish countries of Europe," says he, "in France, Italy, Germany, the God Christ, as well as his mother, are described in their old pictures and statues to be black. The infant God in the arms of his black mother, his eyes and drapery white, is himself perfectly black. If the reader doubts my word, he may go to the cathedral at Moulins --to the famous chapel of the Virgin at Loretta --to the church of the Annunciata --the church of St. Lazaro, to the church of St. Stephen at Genoa --to St. Francisco at Pisa --to the church at Brixen, in the Tyrol, and to that at Padua --to the church of St. Theodore, at Munich, in the last of which the whiteness of the eyes and teeth, and the studied redness of the lips, are "trery observable; --to a church and to the cathedral at Augsburg, where a black virgin and child as large as life; to Rome, and the Borghese chapel Maria Maggiore --to the Pantheon--to a small chapel of St. Peters, on the right-hand side on entering, near the door; and, in fact, to almost innumerable other churches, in countries professing the Romish religion.
There is scarcely an old church in Italy where some remains of the worship of the Black Virgin and Black Child are not to be met with. Very often the black figures have given way to white ones, and in these cases the black ones, as being held sacred, were put into retired places in the churches, but were not destroyed, and are yet to be found there...
When the circumstances has been named to the Romish priests, they have endeavored to disguise the fact, by pretending that the child had become black by the smoke of the candles; but it was black where the smoke of a candle never came: and, besides, how came the candles not to black the white of the eyes, the teeth, and the shirt, and how came they to redden the lips? ...Their real blackness is not to be questioned for a moment...
A black virgin and child among the white Germans, Swiss, French and Italians!!! [Higgins, Anacalypsis, vol. 1, pp. 138-139]
Krishna was the second person in the Hindu Trinity, which consisted of: --(1) Brahma, (2) Vishnu and (3) Siva. Krishna was the human incarnation of Vishnu. (Jesus Christ is considered to be the second person in the Christian Trinity).
The Penguin paperback of The Bhagavad Gita has an introduction by Juan Mascaro that cites similarities between the sayings of Krishna and Jesus. (Page 30) Krishna: "For this is my word of promise, that he who loves me shall not perish". Gita, 9. 31. "He who in oneness of love, loves me in whatever he sees, wherever this man may live, in truth this man lives in me' 6. 31. Over five hundred years after the Gila was written, John 8:12: "Again, Jesus spoke to them saying, I am the light of the world; he who walks with me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.'" Another passage: "I am the way and the truth and the light, no one comes to the Father except by me." On page 33, Krishna is quoted: "Whatever you do, or eat, or give, or offer in adoration, let it be an offering to me, and whatever you suffer, suffer it for me." According to Mascaro, this is the same voice as Paul to the Corinthians: "Whether therefore you eat, or drink, or whatsoever you do, do all to the glory of God." (I Cor. 10: 31).
In Pagan Origins of the Christ Myth, John Jackson also identifies similarities between the story of Buddha and the story of Christ that came five centuries later:
The close parallels between the life-stories of Buddha and Christ are just as remarkable as those between Krishna and Christ. Buddha [said by secular minds to have been a mortal sage whose name was Siddartha Guatama who lived from 563 to 483 B.C.] was born of a virgin named Maya, or Mary. His birthday was celebrated on December 25. He was visited by wise men who acknowledged his divinity. The life of Buddha was sought by King Bimbasara, who feared that some day the child would endanger the throne. At the age of twelve, Buddha excelled the learned men of the temple in knowledge and wisdom. His ancestry was traced back to Maha Sammata, the first monarch in the world. (Jesus' ancestry is traced back to Adam, the first man in the world). Buddha was tempted by Mara (the Author of Evil), who said: "Go not forth to adopt a religious life and in seven days thou shalt become an emperor of the world." Buddha replied: "Get thee away from me." Also, Buddha was transfigured on a mountain top. His form was illumined by an aura of bright light. (Jesus was likewise transfigured on a mountain top. "And his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light." --Matthew 17:2). After the completion of his earthly mission, Buddha ascended bodily to the celestial realms.
So there we have it. A black Jesus with a Buddha-like body that somehow turned into "Siegfried" [or Sigurd or the God Thor] further north. Our ancestors who whole-heartedly accepted Christianity believed that the "alien" nature of the faith meant that it was "not of this world." The joke was on them. Christianity is actually very much a part of this world --just a very different part of it -- "south of the border" and far, far, away. I am not kidding when I speak of the "Asiatic" home base of Christianity. Buddha, incidentally, attacked the Hindu caste system with his literal-equalitarian philosophy. The Hindu system was started by the Indo-European invaders to the Indus Valley circa 1,500 BCE to provide a way to perpetrate their own kind in the presence of other peoples.
[America First Books Editor's late note: The "black Krishna" and "black Jesus" reflects the racial envy of lower-caste nonwhites out to grab a piece of the productive white world for themselves. This racial revolt is often financed and led by Jewish supremacists, who, as explained elsewhere in this article, initially used their evil genius to fabricate and promulgate Christianity in the first place. Christian churches frequently support the "rising tide of color" against Western Civilization, and it therefore should be no surprise that Christian churches have generally acted as a treasonous fifth column by supporting the continuing "human Katrina" of out-of-control illegal alien immigration into America and Europe from Third World countries. Nor should it be a surprise that the Dutch Reform Church in South Africa sold out white rule to Marxist blacks who have proceeded to savagely persecute whites and wreck what was once the most prosperous economy in Africa. A similar pattern took place earlier in Zimbabwe (the former Rhodesia), but brainwashed Christians never seem to learn. Christianity is the religion of white-masochism, white-self hatred, and ultimately white suicide --leadin to what Pat Buchanan has described in his book titled "The Death of the West." Please do not miss Which Way Western Man? by former Christian minister William Gayley Simpson, now online, that explains the perverse ideological leftism and masochism of Christianity in great detail].
When we hear the soaring rhapsodies of Bach and angelic choirs within Gothic Cathedrals, or reflect upon the chivalrous traditions of knighthood in the medieval era, or think of the Roman Republic or city states of classical Greece, we have to remind ourselves that everything that is truly decent, noble, rational, orderly, majestic, and sublime in the innate soul of Western man is found in the heroic soul of Asatru, because the Norse and the related Celtic and Alpine and Mediterranean peoples, who shared our Indo-European religious sentiments, are truly the ancestors of everything that carne later. In Asatru today we want to continue to build upon on our sublime instincts. We may not currently have the financial means to build Asatru cathedrals in order to duplicate in spirit and beauty the great Gothic cathedrals, but the same instinctive sense of the sublime that lay within our ancestors lies within us as well. At least now we have more control over the way in which we can interpret and express our religious instincts without being lorded over by some self-proclaimed book of infallible dogma devised in an exotic land by a foreign people.
THE ALIEN AND INVERTED ASPECTS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
But what about this religion whose leader was originally portrayed as a "hairy, ugly, and abject being," in the words of Professor Guignebert, before our ancestors turned him into Siegfried? ("Siegfried" is the old German version of the Norse name "Sigurd" of the Poetic Edda, just as "Wodan" is the Old High German equivalent of the Norse "Odin" or even --I would assert-- the modern English "God"). Perhaps the greatest frontal assault launched by a well known Western philosopher against Christianity was delivered by Friedrich Nietzsche in his book The Anti-Christ, written in 1888. This book is readily available in most major bookstores in Penguin paperbacks under such titles as The Twilight of the Idols/The Anti-Christ and also in the Viking Penguin Portable Nietzsche.
Nietzsche said in the final section of the work, " ... I bring against the Christian Church the most terrible charge any prosecutor has ever uttered. To me it is the extremist thinkable form of corruption, it has had the will to the ultimate corruption conceivably possible. The Christian Church has left nothing untouched by its depravity, it. has made of every value a disvalue, of every truth a lie, of every kind of integrity a vileness of soul. People still dare to talk to me of humanitarian blessings! To abolish any state of distress whatever has been profoundly inexpedient to it: it has lived on states of distress, it has created states of distress in order to eternalize itself ... "
Nietzsche felt that moralistic philosophical systems such as Christianity are too primitive. Such systems involve "do's" and "don'ts" laid down by authority figures. They can include parents or religious authorities. The moralistic person renders obedience without subjecting the moralistic values to rational scrutiny.
The problem with moralistic systems is their rigidity. Situations can change dramatically for an individual or society. Fixed rules can become more maladaptive and destructive than helpful. Nietzsche preferred the utilitarian approach to ethics, in which behavior is valued in terms of the short or long range cost-benefit ratios for not only an individual, but his people. Nietzsche liked the utilitarian nature of the Indo-European religions. He felt that all considering, the kind of heroic pagan religion held by the ancient Greeks of the classical era in the fifth and sixth century B.C.E. was the best a society could do to inform its religious instincts while retaining utilitarian flexibility and avoiding moralistic systems that are built upon pity and envy.
To Nietzsche, Christianity makes the exceptions of life the rule, and thereby tries to turn the world on its head in order to achieve, as he put it, the transvaluation (or inversion) of desirable instinctive values. The "rule" of life are those values that help to make a society stronger and more powerful. The "exceptions" weaken it. He called Christianity a philosophy of decadence or decay.
Ordinarily, a strong person is preferable to a weak person, but Christianity sneers at the strong and exalts the weak (eg. Matthew 5:5: "Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth" or Luke 6: 22 " ... Blessed are you poor, for yours is the kingdom of God ... " [verse 24] "But woe to you that are rich, for you have received your consolation. Woe to you who are full now, for you shall hunger").
Ordinarily, a beautiful person is preferable to an ugly person, but Christianity sneers at so-called vanities of the flesh and exalts the botched and misbred.
Ordinarily the accumulation of material wealth is preferable to having no assets, but Christianity exalts the the poor over the rich (Matthew 6:24 "No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You can not serve God and mammon," or Luke 16: 19 that talks about how the poor man Lazarus went to heaven and the rich man went to Hades. We are given no explicit explanation for why the rich man went to Hades, except perhaps because he did not share his wealth with Lazarus).
Ordinarily tribal societies exalt warrior sacrifice for ones own people, but Christianity exalts pacifism and sacrifice for a universalistic ideal. Christianity even gets into thought control (Matthew 5:27: "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.' But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and throw it away; it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into hell"). This is contrary to Western traditions of skepticism, free inquiry, and the Anglo-Saxon legal system that permits free thought as long as it does not result in criminal acts. Nietzsche quipped in The Antl'-Christ that the greatest salvation of Western man is the fact that so many people who pretend to be Christians do not practice Christianity.
Nietzsche deliberately wrote in an outrageous, romantic, and inflammatory style. One of his quotes was, "Man was made for war. Women were made for the recreation of the warrior. All else is folly." That was outrageous. He consciously cultivated the image of the alienated, uncompromising intellectual, complete with the tossled hair and bushy moustache. One might consider him the "Don Rickles" of philosophy. He was also an "equal opportunity" social critic. He excoriated the Germans in The Anti-Christ as well as the Jews. He even blasted his friend Richard Wagner when he wrote Nietzsche contra Wagner.
Sigurd slays the dragon in this carving on a
way at the Hylestad
stave church in Norway
The famous American conservative commentator Henry L. Mencken wrote in The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche (first published in 1908), "The faith of modern Europe [Christianity], [Nietzsche] said, was the result of a gigantic effort on the part of the ancient Jews to revenge themselves upon their masters. The Jews were helpless and inefficient and thus evolved a slave morality. Naturally, as slaves, they hated their masters, while realizing, all the while, the unmanliness of the ideals they themselves had to hold in order to survive. So they crucified Christ, who voiced these same ideals, and the result was that the outside world, which despised the Jews, accepted Christ as a martyr and prophet and thus swallowed the Jewish ideals without realizing it. In a word, the Jews detested the slave morality which circumstances thrust upon them, and got their revenge by foisting it, in a sugar-coated pill, upon their masters."
After carefully describing Nietzsche's idea to insure that the reader "get's it," and thereby letting the cat out of the bag, Mencken proceeded in the next few sentences to quickly back paddle and disavow Nietzsche's idea as the "lunacy" of a "mad German." Other writers in the 20th Century have done the exact opposite, however, by either developing Nietzsche's conspiratorial theory a few extra steps or by linking the transvaluation concept to similar transvaluations identified with Communism and other leftist ideologies.
I personally believe that these theories are at best just one part of a much larger jigsaw puzzle, so as we read them we should keep a sense of perspective.
A number of rightist periodicals have reprinted in the past few years the article "Commissary to the Gentiles" by the Jewish writer Marcus Eli Ravage that appeared in the February 1928 issue of The Century Magazine. Ravage picked up where Nietzsche left off in The Anti-Christ and speculated that the Apostle Paul, a Pharisee by training, made up the account of his conversion to Christ recorded in Acts 9:1-9 as a sheep skin to hide his wolf's intentions. A born deceiver, he really did not convert to Christianity, but instead came up with the idea, "What hurts my enemy, helps me by comparison. Rome is the enemy of Israel. If Christianity hurts Jewish nationalism, it will hurt Gentile nationalism even more. Hence, I will refine Christianity for export to the Gentiles. The emphasis on universalism, pacifism, and other-worldliness will 'fix' the Romans and loosen their grasp on Israel so that we can have our own nation once again!"
According to Ravage, after the Jewish War (66-73 AD), which resulted in the Roman annihilation of Jerusalem and destruction of the Second Temple, the struggle to wage war by propaganda became that much more intense on the part of the frustrated Jewish nationalists who came after Paul. Nietzsche expressed the basis of this idea in section 58 of The Anti-Christ when he talks about the motivations of Paul, but Ravage made the concept much more explicit in his article.
CHRISTIANITY AS A LEFTIST IDEOLOGY
Numerous writers of the 20th Century have called Christianity a leftist ideology. In his chapter "The Secularization of Religion" of The Dispossessed Majority (page 264), Wilmot Robertson says, "Today, Christianity in the United States --the fundamentalists excepted-- has turned its attention from God to man and become the champion of the minorities. Many Protestant ministers take the money from their collection plates and spend it on projects for blacks and Hispanics that are often more political than charitable. Churches are transformed into meeting places for black gangs. Clergymen record their 'deep appreciation' for the black militant who stormed into Manhattan's Riverside Church and demanded $500 million in 'reparations.' Long tolerant of communism in its various Stalinist, Titoist, and Maoist guises, many churchmen now openly endorse revolution in Central America, smuggle in illegal aliens, propagandize for unilateral disarmament, raise bail for Black Panthers, and conspire against a future draft as thei conspired against the American war effort in Vietnam. Some Catholic priests have been active in inciting strikes of Mexican-American migrant farm workers against California farmers. Others, notably the Berrigan brothers, have broken into Selective Service offices and destroyed draft records. Still others have taken to the streets and led mass sit-ins in defiance of state and local laws and Pope John Paul II's strictures 'against priests in politics."
I can briefly summarize the arguments of conservative writers who have compared Christianity and Communism. Robertson provides a footnote that says, "According to Congressional investigator J.B. Matthews, 7,000 clergymen once espoused the Communist party line. As the Soviet Union became more grasping and bellicose, many of them adopted safer and more acceptable brands of Marxism. For Matthews' estimate, see Walter Goodman, The Committee, Farrar Straus, New York, 1968, p. 335."
William Gayley Simpson, a former Christian Minister, Franciscan, and co-founder of the ACLU in America says on page 62 of his monumental work Which Way Western Man?, "I have known Communists to argue in all seriousness that their movement is really the application to society of the ethics of Jesus."
Both Christianity and Communism are literal-equalitarian/universalistic ideologies; that is, they deny racial differences, national boundaries, and ethnic and class\barriers. Christians are exhorted to go through out the world to bring everyone to Christ. Communists are exhorted to reach around the world to organize the proletariat everywhere for international revolution. Christianity postulates the existence of an equal "soul" among all humans that is an over riding factor in human equality. Marxism denies any significant role of genetics in human behavior or any distinct differences between the average capabilities of one race and another. Both ideologies encourage collectivism based on a literal sense of equality. Christianity encourages people to redistribute their wealth to the downtrodden and poor. Communism seeks to make private ownership of property illegal in order to redistribute wealth among the masses "from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs." Both ideologies despise the rich, the well-born, the elite, and the powerful and seek to level all of humanity.
Finally, Christianity and Communism both contain heavy doses of mysticism and totalitarianism. Christianity preaches the Second Coming and eternal life. Communism preaches that the dictatorship of the proletariat will somehow whither away and produce a utopian state of workers. Both envision a kind of one-world monopoly power; Christians see a world in which everyone bends a knee to Christ, and Jerusalem is made the spiritual if not temporal capital of the world in preparation for a return of Christ. Communism promotes a world dictatorship of the proletariat. Christianity promotes a singular yet Triune God. Communism promotes state gods such as Marx, Lenin, Stalin, and Mao. Christians accuse people of being tainted with sin and then offer ideological and prayerful ways to overcome it. Communism accuses people of being "racist", "supremacist", "reactionary", and "bourgeois" and offers political re-education and various coercive measures to create some kind of new Communist man.
To the extent that left wing ideologies promote the "environmental" world view to the exclusion of the "genetic" world view, both Christianity and Communism can be considered "left wing" ideologies. This linkage has become especially clear in recent decades, as Wilmot Robertson points out. Some political theorists claim that one can never have an authentic right wing movement if Christianity is involved, because of Christianity's fundamentally leftist nature. A movement will only go so far before it becomes paralyzed by its own internal philosophical contradictions. Although Christianity has been effectively used to combat Communism, quite often it has worked more as a philosophical substitute than as an ideological nemesis.
Earlier in the 20th century the similarities between Christianity and Communism were not so clear cut to the general public. Rabidly anti-clerical, leftist Mexican revolutionaries attacked the Catholic Church during the Mexican Revolution. The Bolsheviks murdered millions of Christians and sacked churches. How could one claim similarities with so much hatred between the two?
Perhaps one might begin to answer this question by posing other ones: Why did Communist Chinese fight Russian Communists during the Sino-Soviet border clashes of the 1960's and 1970's? Why did Stalinist Communists ruthlessly purge Trotskyite Communists in the 1930's, or why did Tito break from Stalin?
The answer is that human beings, in their struggle for power, are capable of all manner of perfidy, to include the destruction of ideological and even racial cousins. We only have to look at .the American Civil War, the Spanish Civil War, Russian Revolution, and World Wars I and II fought in Europe to see plenty of evidence of whites killing whites. All things being equal, it may be true that people who have ideological or racial commonalities are more likely to stick together than fight each other compared to how they behave towards "outsiders," but in this world nothing is guaranteed. It is also true that the potential for hatred increases with proximity. The people who are closest are often of the same race or of a similar ideology.
As a last quick note on the discussion of the similarities between Christianity and Communism, I would point out that any literal-equalitarian ideology that denies the role of genetics in human behavior and seeks to run rough shod over national, class, ethnic, or other differences tends to be a "leftist" ideology. Believe it or not, this can also include unrestrained capitalism, various forms of humanism, and various "New Age" religions.
Unregulated and unprincipled capitalists do not worry about investing locally to create jobs for their own people, but invest their money anywhere around the globe where they can get the quickest return. They do not worry about protecting local jobs either, but are happy to flood their country with alien workers if they can get them for cheaper wages. Finally, unfettered capitalists feel no constraints about amassing monopoly power. Individuals with the most money have no reservations about using it to squeeze out competitors. They continually build their power base until all real competitors are driven out, except perhaps for a few who are left as "window dressing" to give the appearance of some competition. This is contrary to the philosophy of ethical competition behind U.S. anti-trust laws that recognizes that at some point monopolistic practices that eliminate competition do more to create inefficiency through lost competition than gain it through creating economies of scale.
Unfettered capitalism involves the literal-equalitarianism of money power, in which everything in the world can be equally commodified with a dollar sign. It ignores the need to preserve the elements of nationhood and the native-organic institutions that arise out a particular people. It assumes that it can ignore all of these things and never incur a penalty.
The truth is that when these elements that support social order and cohesion are neglected, they erode away. People then become disadvantaged in the face of more organized competitors from around the world. When people lose their indigenous culture, identity, and social cohesion, all of the elements of order and stability that make a principled free enterprise system possible also erode away. It is an ill bird that fouls its own nest.
Communism is the literal-equalitarianism of abolished property rights, acting on the flawed assumption that in a world without such rights individuals will still feel an incentive to be productive or will be capable of defending their own rights against a "Big Brother" government created to enforce rights.
Christianity is the literal-equalitarianism of the "soul" and universal salvation, acting on the flawed assumption that sin exists (defined as separation from its god only and not from nature), and that furthermore all the different peoples of this planet need exactly the same kind of religion to solve the unprovable problem of " sin."
Liberal "humanism" is the literal-equalitarian belief in the infinite capacity to perfect humans through learning and training, acting on the flawed assumption that human capacities are not heavily constrained by genetics. (In contrast to this view, Dr. Arthur Jensen and Dr. Raymond Cattell and other scientists claim that intelligence is 80% genetic and many personality traits are over 50% genetic).
Most "New Age" religious cults are the literal-equalitarianism of mystical religious feeling, acting on the flawed assumption that all peoples have identical altruistic, spiritual, and pro-social instincts and perceptions, so that every person on this planet can become brothers by cultivating the ability to be "touchy feely" in the same way.
All of these literal-equalitarian ideologies appeal to what Dr. Elmer Pendell calls, in his book Why Civilizations Self-Destruct the "social instinct." Man is first and foremost a social animal. It is usually safer and more more gratifying to go with the herd and to share and be nice and be polite than to tell unpleasant truths, identify weaknesses, create barriers, or compete for scarce resources.
Literal-equalitarian ideologies help to sweep competitive and discriminatory impulses under the rug so that people can continue to try to be sociable with the kinds of people they privately despise. These ideologies are especially helpful for people who live and work in congested urban centers where every day they must be nice to people they really hate.
Literal-equalitarian ideologies also make it easy for envious people to overlook their own deficiencies and resent other people who have amassed more than they through superior work and ability.
Finally, as Wilmot Robertson pointed out in The Dispossessed Majority, literal-equalitarian ideologies can help minority groups find a greater level of acceptance and qpportunity before a majority. It is to the social, economic, and political advantage of any "Liberal-Minority Coalition" to promote equalitarian ideology.
Finally, literal-equalitarian ideologies give an excuse for empire builders and power monopolists to run rough shod over individual, group, tribal, racial, or national differences and bind everyone together. They can use these ideologies as a rationale to force disparate peoples together under their control whether or not people really want to be brought together under the same economic, religious, or political structures. Of course people who resist are called "racists", "reactionaries", or other smear names.
Literal-equalitarianism, in whatever ideological form it comes in, can be used as a thought-weapon to allow the envious and greedy to destroy anyone who simply wants to be left in peace to enjoy his own community and enjoy the fruit of his own labor.
Obviously Nietzsche attacked only a small part of the overall problem. If we could wave a magic wand and cause Christianity, Communism, unrestrained predatory capitalism, liberal humanism, and equalitarian New Age religions to suddenly disappear, the problem would still come roaring back in some other ideological form. As the saying goes, "The more things change, the more they stay the same." When people are not involved with the "transvaluation" of instinctive values in Christianity, as Nietzsche put it, chances are that their social instincts will induce them to begin doing it with some other ideology or religion, be it conservative capitalism, humanism, or even Asatru.
The only claim that I can make about Asatru is that it is an incremental improvement over the explicitly stated left-liberal center of gravity found in the New Testament. Nevertheless, pagan religions can become corrupted and liberalized from both within and without just like any other religions, to include Christianity. That is one reason why Asatruar should encourage people to become knowledgeable about the religions of the world and the history of religion so that they can understand the corruption and liberalization process and develop intellectual defenses.
Most Asatruar I know are fundamentally decent and honorable people who, like most Northern peoples, are overbrimming with altruistic, humanitarian, and chivalrous instincts. And that is fine. The issue is simply one of our learning how to take our altruistic instincts and the charitable behavior that flows from them and invest these impulses wisely. We have to promote the saying that "charity begins at home" so that there will be more of our kind with each generation to pass on our noble instincts.
Interestingly enough, a Christian priest named Salvian, writing around 440 A.D., found our pagan ancestors to be morally superior to Christianized Romans, despite the fact that they still practiced their "charity begins at home" indigenous ancestral faith and had not been pumped full of literal-equalitarian Christian dogma. All of the people he described were definitely more "frost zone" than the Romans of his time, and were also Nordic/Germanic, with the exception of the Hun, who were originally an Asiatic steppe people that fought on horseback with composite bows, but who later marched with conglomerates of Ostrogoths and other Germanic peoples as they penetrated further west:
In what respects can our customs be preferred to those of the Goths and Vandals, or even compared with them? And first, to speak of affection and mutual charity ... almost all barbarians, at least those who are of one race and kin, love each other, while the Romans persecute each other ... The many are oppressed by the few, who regard public exactions as their own peculiar right, who carry on private traffic under tlJe guise of collecting taxes ... So the poor are despoiled, the widows sigh, the orphans are oppressed, until many of them, born of families not obscure, and liberally educated, flee to our enemies that they may no longer suffer the oppression of public persecution. They doubtless seek Roman humanity among the barbarians, because they cannot bear barbarian inhumanity among the Romans. And although they differ from the people to whom they flee in manner and in language; although they are unlike as regards the fetid odor barbarians' bodies and garments, yet they would rather endure a civilization among the barbarians than cruel injustice among Romans.
It is urged that if we Romans are wicked and corrupt, that the barbarians commit the same sins ... There is, however, this difference, that if the barbarians commit the same crimes as we, yet we sin more grievous ... All the barbarians ... are pagans and heretics. The Saxon race is cruel, the Franks are faithless ... The Huns are unchaste, --in short there is vice in the life of all the bBl'barian peoples. But are their offenses as serious as [those of the Christians]? Is the unchastity of the Hun so criminal as ours? Is the faithfulness of the Frank so blameworthy as ours? [Of God's Government, Readings in European History by James Harvey Robinson, Volume I, pp. 28-30]
This quote reinforces my thesis that Nordic peoples have brought more to Christianity in the form of their indigenous Asatru spirit than Judeo-Christianity brought to them. Throughout the history of the Christian church in Northern Europe, numerous Christian leaders have become conscious of the irresponsibly leftist and social revolutionary aspects of New Testament dogma and have tried to achieve various types of internal reform without ditching the entire thought system. When Christians move to the right, they tend to focus more on the Old Testament, whose tribal history and "eye for an eye" morality is definitely more conservative.
During the Protestant Reformation, the break away from the Papacy and the move to a more decentralized and democratic church government and more personalized and rationalistic interpretations of Scripture was also "rightist," to the extent that such forms of government and rationalist tendencies are more native-organic to Northern European peoples. Nordic peoples are highly individualistic by nature and tend to be allergic to despotism.
As mentioned, Nietzsche felt that Christianity has been able to survive because so few people really practice what they preach. I think that the "transvaluation" process excited by the social instinct that Nietzsche decried is understood and discounted by most people. Most people regard the particularly maudlin elements of Christianity. as a form of excessive do-gooderism. New Testament religious dogma can become particularly dishonest and dangerous, however, when people use it to actively promote militant, revolutionary, and intolerant ideologies of envy. The irony is that militant literal-equalitarian ideologies of envy often show the same instinctive aggression and competitiveness that they they decry as "devils" in their adversaries. They pick up the sword to annihilate the very people they condemn for using the sword.
More people were slaughtered, often by a factor of ten to a hundred, by Bolshevik and French Revolutionaries than by the "ancien regimes" that they deposed.
The major difference between Asatru and' Christianity is that Asatru literature has so little in the way of envious material to it as a heroic faith that it does not actively add fuel to the fire of envy. Furthermore, we do not offer a messianic vision of some one-world order, but promote indigenous expression and self-determination for all the different peoples of this world. We are not out to psychologically "kidnap" an alien person and brainwash him away from his own indigenous culture and beliefs to try to turn him into a homogenized and sterilized carbon copy of ourselves. We simply offer for our own people what we feel .is an incremental improvement in religious theology compared to the "mass-consumption" theologies of world saviors, one-world monopolists, and universalistic literal-equalitarians. We have a "home made" and "whole wheat" kind of religion.
As a final note in the discussion of the ideological superstructure of Christianity, I do not want to get too hung up on the "left" and "right" labels, or suggest that everything about Asatru is "rightist." There are a lot of paradoxes and complexities that I have discovered in my analysis of ideologies on both ends of the scale, that for better or worse I do not have the space to describe in detail in this paper. Many Asatruar identify themselves as being for tribal democracy almost to the point of anarchy. Most people in America would call that "leftist," since they associate hard right with an obsessive compulsion towards "order" and autocracy or totalitarianism. But is it that simple? To some people, "right" connotes the extent to which institutions are native-organic to a people. The Icelanders, Norwegians, and other highly Nordic peoples have always been mentally and emotionally allergic to despotism. To the extent that semi-anarchistic tribal democracy is in their individualistic genes (as a result of their highly dispersed and individualized evolutionary history for hundreds of thousands of years in a frost zone), and no other system is as productive, tolerable, or emotionally satisfying for them, one might argue that within their context it is definitely "right wing" to favor tribal democracy for Scandinavians or Viking-descended peoples. During the siege of Paris in 793 AD a Viking once said words to the effect that, "We have no leaders, here everyone is equal." An Icelandic writer once referred to the Icelanders as "An egalitarian people with aristocratic tendencies."
We should also keep in mind that the form of an organization is often related to its mission. Tribal democracy is characteristic of highly entrepreneurial small businesses. Rigid hierarchies are characteristic of mature conglomerates that have turned into bureaucracies. One can even see decentralized leadership advocated in military organizations that gear themselves for small unit combat or various forms of high-speed maneuver warfare that require individual initiative to react to fluid situations. Highly autocratic military organizations are geared more for giant set-piece battles.
As another paradox, there are many Asatruar who identify themselves with socialism. Most Americans would reflexively say that this is "leftist". But it is not that simple. All peoples, regardless of their political persuasion, have to nurture their young, educate people, take care of the sick, and be called upon to sacrifice themselves for the group if the group is to survive. The real issue is where the altruistic sacrifice is directed. When people decide that charity begins at home, that is usually considered "rightist." When people decide that it is somehow noble to neglect or abuse their own kind and be much more charitable to alien peoples, that is usually considered "leftist." In that context, internally invested "socialism" is arguably more "rightist" than "leftist.
Stave church at Borgund in Norway
[Editor's note: This concludes Part I of a two part series]
Link to Part II
* * * * * * *
William B. Fox is a former Marine Corps officer with experience in logistics, public affairs, and military intelligence. He is an honors graduate of the Harvard Business School and a Phi Beta Kappa graduate from the University of Southern California. He is also publisher of America First Books at www.americafirstbooks.com
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