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The BP Disaster Viewed At a Minimum As a LIHOP False Flag Operation

   

James Fetzer
Host of The Real Deal
25 June 2010 interview with

Charles Pegelow,
Structural Engineer, about the

BP-Gulf Disaster


Charles N. Pegelow

Editor's Note: This interview was the second of three different interviews during the two hour long 25 June 2010 Real Deal show. The three participants were:

a) Don Meserlian (not transcribed).
b) Charles Pegelow, Structural Engineer, oil industry veteran (transcribed below). From 18:39 to 55:51. See background on Mr. Pegelow in the Appendix at the end of this web page.
c) Mike Sparks (not included in this transcript)


Editor's Notes and transcription provided
by William B. Fox, Publisher, America First Books

Dr. James Fetzer: [18 minutes: 39 seconds into The Real Deal] This is Jim Fetzer, your host on the Real Deal, with my very special guest for this segment, Charles Pegelow, who is a structural engineer with a lot of experience in the oil industry. Charles, I am very interested in your take in what is going on in the Gulf of Mexico, especially with regard to what you think is happening with the apparatus, the drill hole, the physical environment there on the basin of the Gulf of Mexico. Anything you can tell us about that would be most welcome.
Charles Pegelow: OK, first let me start off by saying I don't think anybody knows with a well flowing out like that. You can't get instruments down there, cameras or anything like that. BP is probably sitting on most of the information and whom they are telling and whom they are not, I don't know. And in all fairness, a lot of the information will be proprietary, concerning the reservoir and the bore hole. Now what I think seems to be evident from what little I am hearing is they may have a real serious problem at the depth that they are at, in other words, they may have the integrity of the casing deep down may have been compromised. Like I say, we don't know, we don't have any direct evidence. We just have circumstantial evidence is the only thing. No one seems to be talking. It seems like everybody's attention is being kept on the oil-soaked birds and the dead turtles.
Dr. Fetzer: And of course that is the trivia, right, that is the minor damage. I mean the serious damage is what is going on beneath the surface.
Pegelow: Yes. Like I say, I don't think anybody knows for sure what is going on, at least outside of the close-knit group within BP. But rumors are circulating around. Like I said, we don't know what is true or what is not true, but apparently it seems like something may have been compromised deep down, and what has come out is that there are locations of leaks seeping up through the ocean floor which are not at the drill site. Which indicate the type down there is fractured or broke. And under the types of pressures that this has been leaking out, coming up through another channel, coming up outside of the ocean floor. I will say that it appears to be a monstrous effort, to try to contain this thing. There is supposed to be more than forty ships out there employed by BP along with perhaps maybe 40,000 personnel. And this is including people who are working on the rig. Several companies who are operating remotely operated vehicles, plus onshore support staff. Plus you have got two deepwater drilling rigs out there attempting to drill relief holes to get down there and try to pump cement in to plug up whatever is leaking.
Dr. Fetzer: I have heard estimates Charles that there could be eventually as much as a billion barrels of oil that will come out of this gusher.
Pegelow: What estimates I have heard of is what has leaked out so far has only been about 2% of what is in the reservoir.
Dr. Fetzer: Doesn't that have enormous potential impact on not just the Gulf of Mexico, but the oceans of the world in general?
Pegelow: Yes, I have seen several estimates about what they call the "loop current." By about Day 70, which will be about five days from now, it should start swinging it around the lower end of Florida in the Gulf Stream. From there the oil or pollution runs up the East Coast quite rapidly and within less than a month, will be hitting the British Isles. At this point it is probably pretty well diluted, but it is still there. You know off Cape Hataras Fisheries and Nova Scotia and all that area. So it may be, depending on how much gets out there, it may be a pretty big disaster happening.
Dr. Fetzer: And of course if it keeps gushing out, I mean what is diluted now may become much less diluted with the vast volume that seems to be in that reservoir which I understand was the second largest in the world.
Pegelow: Well I don't know if it was the second largest in the world, but it is a huge reservoir that they hit, and it is under enormous pressures. It is in first of all in 5,000 feet of water and then below the surface it is approximately 18,000 feet. So we are talking about 23,000 feet. And just to give you an idea, some of the pressures, I have heard all kind of estimates of pressures. Could be 40,000 psi or over a 100. But I can tell you a starting point. If you were to take 5,000 feet of seawater, which is 64 pounds per square foot, we are just going to calculate how much force is down there, and assuming rock -- there is different layers going down -- but assume an average of 180 pounds per cubic foot, you get somewhere in the neighborhood of over 20 - 23 - 24,000 pounds per square inch. That is enormous pressure. And don't forget it is balanced. It is balanced at the surface of the reservoir or the cap rock. That is the overhead pressure balanced by the under pressure, except since this is a reservoir, there is compressed gas that has been building up in there for eons. So that is where they are talking about where the pressures could be as high as 40- 60,000 - and even higher pounds per square inch. And that is a lot of pressure, let me tell you.
Dr. Fetzer: Does this mean too that if the reports that I have read that say that the containment, you know, the casing in which the oil is supposed to be emerging to come out of the reservoir is itself shattered, if what is coming up is working as an abrasive, and if it is tearing it apart, then isn't it going to open up the access route for the oil coming to the surface potentially allowing vastly more to emerge in a shorter time?
Pegelow: Yes. I think when you get high flow rates, you start getting what is called non ripple flow, which is you start to get little eddy currents circulating, and you get cavitation. Just what you get out of a submarine or might get out of propellers of ships. This kind of cavitation. Now in an oil reservoir, when you talk about an oil reservoir, basically these are permeable rocks like sandstone or limestone, like it is a giant cavern full of oil and gas. If you get that much flow, it is going to start picking up chunks of sandstone and rock and other stuff and basically under high flow rates it will start abrasing the side of the case, basically eating it through. That may be what is going on. Or it may have already done it during the initial blowout that they have. So like I say we don't know, we can only speculate what is going on. But in any way, in any case, it seems like it is a race against time by getting these relief wells down there and trying to pump in cement and just cement everything in. It seems like it is a race against time, is what these things normally are to try to stop the flow.
Dr. Fetzer: Do you think there is any actual possibility of stopping the flow, because it seems to me with all the fractures on the Gulf floor, that it has really become an impossibility.
Pegelow: I think a lot of that is fractured anyway. It may have found a way up, like I say it may have found a channel up, but certainly I think that anything is possible to go ahead and clog it up with cement. But like I say, there is a possibility that things could get out of control, and could it get worse. The Russians, well-known for having very deep wells, that got out of control, and one of these was a gas well in what I believe was the [unintelligible] [Soviet] republic, that went on for two years. [Editor's note, Mr. Pegelow is probably referring to the Urtabulak gas field in Southern Uzbekistan about 80 km southeast of Bukhara, which went out of control in 1963 and was sealed by a nuke in 1966. See the 29 May 2010 article Let’s seal the Gulf oil well by using atomic weapons! by "Fabius Maximus"]. It was a huge thing, and what they ended up doing was using a nuclear bomb to collapse the earth and stop the gas from coming out. So --
Dr. Fetzer: Do you think that is a possibility in this instance?
Pegelow: Well, I don't know. I have to say I have got no experience in some respects. What I do know is that right after this happened it was within about a week the Russians came with this proposal to -- I don't know who in our government -- to stop this. And what is interesting about it is that apparently the Russians [unintelligible] who are not our friends, but they most certainly keep a close eye on everything that goes on in our country. That was real surprising. But like I say, they claim to have succeeded four out of five times. The difference is that they were on land, and not under about a mile deep in water. That was the big difference.
Dr. Fetzer: Yes, that mile deep water makes a huge, huge difference in terms of how much room to maneuver and your options, I presume.
Pegelow: On land, it just tends to stay within your county, or something, but in the ocean -- [it can spread]. Then the other potential thing is temperatures in that reservoir are 400 degrees. So you wouldn't want some type of blowout, all that pressures released. You actually would have some kind of cavern and have water sucked down in there. At 400 degrees, it would flash into steam, and then you really would have an explosion. I had no idea how bad it would be or anything like that but I am reminded, I don't know if you ever recall 1883 the Krakatoa Volcano that blew up and was heard around the world.
Dr. Fetzer: Yes, yes. Very famous, yes.
Pegelow: On that, the magma chamber blew open, but really I forgot how many cubic miles of dirt blown into the atmosphere, the earth's temperature dropped over the next three years a degree and a half. Once that magma chamber opened up, all the sea water rushed in and this flashed into steam and the potential from what I read from geologists, is this was equivalent to something like a thousand Hiroshima bombs going off.
Dr. Fetzer: So if we had something like that in the Gulf, it would be catastrophic.
Pegelow: Well, this has never happened. Well of course it would be catastrophic. The thing is, a situation like this has never happened before. We don't have any experience with what happens with a runaway well underwater that deep. You know, if you can't stop it, the closest experience I guess we got is the middle of 1979 off the coast of Mexico in what is called the Bay of Campeche. Pemex was drilling a well called IXTOC-1; I-X-T-O-C Well #1. But they were only in 160 feet of water. The well below the mud line was, I think about 8,000 feet. In other words it was half the depth of what this is. That thing went on for, I guess, almost a year. Up until now, it was one of the biggest leaks of oil in the world. It took them a year to finally put it out. But on that well, I don't believe that I ever heard that the casing was compromised.
Dr. Fetzer: Was the damage done by that well -- was the oil restricted to a specific locale?
Pegelow: It mainly was around Mexico. Although a lot of the oil just fell out, the head components fell out and went to the sea floor. And then along the Texas Coast there was a lot of oil that washed up all along the South Texas Coast. But along the South Texas Coast, it is not as environmentally sensitive I guess as Louisiana. In Louisiana, the swamps go for miles inland. And this is for the Gulf of Mexico, a big breeding ground for fishes and shrimp. All the mangrove swamps and all the reed swamps. This is a big breeding ground for, I don't know, maybe about half the fish in the Gulf of Mexico. So that is another thing that makes this so serious.
Dr. Fetzer: It is very scary, Charles. It is going to destroy not just the livelihood of all the fisherman and the shrimp industry and all that, but all the forms of life in the Gulf that are so essential to the food chain that supports, you know, a higher species.
Pegelow: Yes, it would change it, and then of course I guess you heard last week that the EPA in a town called Venice, Louisiana -- now Venice, Louisiana is south and east of New Orleans. It is east of the Mississippi River. It is [unintelligible] on a peninsula like a barrier island. A lot of the shrimp boats and stuff there. The EPA had measured levels, and this was in the month of May, OK. EPA had measured a high level in one day of benzene of like about 34 parts per billion. High levels of hydrogen sulfide. Now these vary day to day. Some days there was not hardly any, and some days there was a lot. So anyway with benzene and hydrogen sulfide -- with benzene I believe the safe level is like zero to four parts per billion. Hydrogen sulfide is like 30 parts per billion. And they were measuring like 1,200 of hydrogen sulfide. You know hydrogen sulfide is a deadly gas, and benzene, that is basically a cancer agent, and causes all kinds of other problems for breathing and health, especially health of children.
Dr. Fetzer: Another terrifying prospect is that there is an enormous reservoir of gas, explosive gas, that is something like ten by twenty miles in dimension, that if it were to explode, that it would cause enormous waves, a tsunami effect that would sweep over the state of Florida and inland many miles, and of course the population of all those states is right there on the coast.
Pegelow: Yes. I have read -- I don't have any firm data -- I have read that this well is about 40% gas, and 60% oil. And what you say, that would be true if the reservoir weakened, and it oozed through 18,000 feet of the ocean bottom, yes, that would be an enormous problem if it cavitated a hole big enough and finally it just blew through. I don't think the gas would explode because you have to get enough oxygen. I do not think there is enough oxygen out there to mix with about a 4% ratio. I think what would happen is that it would push the water aside, and then it would suck the water back in, and then what happens down in this reservoir 400 hundred degrees if the water flashed into steam, yes, you would be setting up some big tidal waves out there. Like I said, this has never happened before in the deep oceans, and nobody knows what could happen, but I guess it is within a matter of possibility. We just don't know.
Dr. Fetzer: I lived in Florida for, I don't know, five years or so, in the Sarasota, Bradenton area, and of course the average elevation of the state is less than a couple of feet. I mean, it is just stunning to think what could happen here, Charles.
Pegelow: Oh yes, if a scenario like that happened, yes, I guess it would be the end of Florida.
Dr. Fetzer: I think it would, and just imagine if millions of people are forced out of their homes and heading north, I mean it could be a survival of the fittest scenario where they are invading people's homes and trying to take their cars and vehicles and their food and all that out of necessity.
Pegelow: That is if anybody is still alive. I think that scenario came from Terrence Aym, whose article came out last week. [Editor's Note, Mr. Pegelow may mean the article Doomsday: How BP Gulf disaster may have triggered a 'world-killing' event]. And right now I think it is going viral on the Internet. There is a couple of things I don't think is quite true in there, and I don't know where his news sources are. And don't forget, he is not a physicist, geologist, or engineer. One thing he says is this tidal wave would go 50 feet onshore. From whatever I have ever seen of tsunamis, is the maximum they get on shore is about five miles. So I don't know if it would actually wash over Florida or not. I don't think we have ever had a tidal wave in the Gulf of Mexico except for maybe a hundred thousand years ago with supposedly the asteroid that wiped out the dinosaurs, which is where the Bay of Campeche is now. So like I say I don't think we have any experience of something like this. You know we have got tidal waves caused by earthquakes. And we know where the fault lines are. And we sort of know when they are going to happen, I guess, starts to build up a lot of smaller earthquakes. Like I said, we really don't have an earthquake zone in the Gulf of Mexico, so we don't have any experience with this.
Dr. Fetzer: Charles, what is his worst case scenario? What is he describing as possibly happening? Do you think much of this is true, but much of it is false?
Pegelow: I am not sure that his article he is actually talking about this gas bubble exploding. He never mentions about water rushing into perhaps a void in the reservoir, which is the reservoir 18,000 feet below ground. The temperatures are about 400 degrees. My guess is he doesn't seem to mention that. He is probably getting his information from some geologist. But it seems like most scientists are not talking right now. Except there is two -- one geologist, I don't know what he was, one is in the University of Florida, and the other is Florida State, is it?
Dr. Fetzer: Yes.
Pegelow: They seem to be the only ones going public on anything, too much. Like I say, it does not seem like anybody is talking too much.
Dr. Fetzer: Tell me a little more Charles about the interplay between these various companies like Halliburton and BP and so forth. We have reports that the BP president sold a third of his stock a month ago, or so. That Goldman Sachs unloaded a lot of BP stock, and things like that. Have you picked up any of that?
Pegelow: Yes, you wonder about foreknowledge on this. The CEO of BP sold two weeks before this happened one third of his stock holdings. It was equivalent to somewhere about six or eight hundred thousand dollars. Somehow Goldman Sachs is taking a huge short position on stuff, and apparently there are some others and yes, it sounds like 9/11, selling American Airlines stocks.
Dr. Fetzer: Yes, yes.
Pegelow: It makes you wonder how Goldman Sachs knew enough to sell their stock, but apparently they did have been having problems on this well since they started drilling it. And it may be because of some of their lack of safety procedures. It is coming out now that BP is [unintelligible], as far as accidents in the oil industry, it seems like BP is way ahead of any of the other major companies as far as accidents around the world. This includes the Alaska Alyeska pipe line, and off of Indonesia, the BP, BP bought Amoco, so it is the old Amoco refinery in Texas City, south of Houston, has had several accidents. And you just wonder if profits come before safety or something. But they seem to have a lot of accidents. A lot more than other majors. And there were rumors around about BP across the Internet and some other stuff. One is BP is the operator. They are the owner and they are the operator. And they hire -- obviously they do not have enough personnel. It takes a tremendous amount of personnel and expertise and equipment. So they hire a drilling company, in this case it was Transocean which owns the rig. Now some people say they are trying to blame Transocean when BP is basically in control of the rig, and they tell Transocean what to do. Now as far as Halliburton, in this case Halliburton has got barges with cement or mud which is [unintelligible], and they mix it up and use that to pump into the well. So Halliburton is a subcontractor who is responsible for cementing the well in. And it sure seems like the cement plugs did not hold. There should have been three in there. Three plugs. Halliburton apparently finished, and then BP decided to remove some mud with what was left in the well put water,. sea water, in there. And that is when the accident happened. And then there is another story out there by Schubert. Now Schlumberger is a well-testing company. They are the Cadillac of the Cadillac of the industry. You want them to test something, you can take their test to the bank. Supposedly a crew from Schlumberger went out there and BP manager told them "We don't need any test today." Apparently they were arguing, there was some argument going on about the safety of the situation out there. And the Schlumberger people said they wanted to leave, and supposedly the BP manager said, "Well, you are going to have to stay here, there is another chopper flying out for weeks. So they called back to their home office, the home office sent a chopper out there and picked them up, and it was six hours later when this blow-out happened. So like I say there are these stories floating around, and you don't know -- there is obviously people talking but people are not leaving their names or their positions or something like that. Obviously they would get fired and never hired again. I would say there are a lot of stories coming out about what went on as far as the management or the drilling team on BP's behalf, and none of it looks good.
Dr. Fetzer: It looks as though they were cutting every corner they could to maximize their profit, minimize safety, even though it had the potential for a catastrophe such as is unfolding now.
Pegelow: Well, that is what it looks like. If you weigh all these stories and rumors out there, they are all pointing one way. Well, Congress [unintelligible] even a couple of members of Congress have already said that, so they are certainly getting more data than what we are allowed to see.
Dr. Fetzer: Even having the CEO of BP testify in Congress, he was full of "I don't know" answers, you know, as though none of these decisions about what was going on when this major well came across his desk. I thought it was a ridiculous performance.
Pegelow: Oh well, you know that was the same with the cigarette industry guys. That is the same with all of them. I can pretty much guarantee that after about two months, or after probably about two days, the CEOs are probably going to know everything that went on out there. So I find that hard to believe. It is the same thing that happened when they were questioning the cigarette industry, about what they do about the dangers of smoking, and cancer and all kinds of other things. And the automobile industry -- the only one who didn't seem to get questioned, of course, were the banks, and they got bailed out. They just handed it to them, right?
Dr. Fetzer: Yes, it was ridiculous. It was practically no strings attached. It was as though they did not have to have any collateral or any assurance they would ever repay it, Charles, it was absurd.
Pegelow: Oh, yes, yes. Well, you wonder what is really going to happen, is the taxpayer going to end up paying for the whole thing anyway? So --.
Dr. Fetzer: Isn't there the potential here for BP to declare bankruptcy, reorganize and never pay a nickel?
Pegelow: I am not an attorney. I don't really know. Well, they could declare bankruptcy, they have got plenty of assets. They are making, I think it is every four days they make a billion dollars or something. I don't know if this is worldwide, or just under U.S. assets. In the U.S. you know they bought Amoco which is the old Standard Oil of Ohio, is it? Plus, the Alyeska pipeline they bought all the companies. In other words, they are the ones who operated on the North Slope of Alaska plus refineries associated with Amoco. So they certainly have a lot of assets. I don't know how you could, I don't know, I heard one stock broker tell me, he said he thinks what might happen, he said their stock might get down to pennies on the dollar and somehow Exxon will somehow end up buying the whole thing for on the cheap, so --.
Dr. Fetzer: So Exxon will grow bigger as BP disappears.
Pegelow: Yes, well I don't know, that was his take on it. He said that he thinks that what happened is Exxon will initially end up, pennies on the dollar, is what he said. Like I said, we don't know at this point. I think the offshore forces, what they have been paying, has been costing them somewhere in the neighborhood of perhaps 800 million to perhaps a billion dollars already to try to stop this thing.
Dr. Fetzer: Do you think there is any reason to think this was done deliberately?
Pegelow: Well, I can't imagine -- but like I said, the only thing is all of a sudden all these people come up, the CEO, and Goldman Sachs, making some money off this disaster. It is almost like 9/11 all over again. What was his name, Conrad? And some of these other people who were shorting the airline stocks. It makes you wonder what kind of crystal ball they are looking at. I certainly didn't see it in any of my BP stock.
Dr. Fetzer: I understand that they trace back those shorts on 9/11 to the CIA and concluded that of course they could not have possibly have been complicit, as naive as that may sound.
Pegelow: I think you are referring over to Germany, I think his name was Conrad who was an ex-CIA high up in the CIA who had sold a bunch of airline stocks.
Dr. Fetzer: I was thinking of all the shorts, you know, where you bet that the airline stock is going to drop and I thought that Lee Hamilton and Thomas Kuhn had both reported that they had tracked the source of those shorts and they couldn't possibly be involved. And it was because it was CIA.
Pegelow: OK, I am not familiar with that. I mean, I would not doubt it.
Dr. Fetzer: Charles, would you say this is the culmination of decades of deregulation that have been promoted by the Republican Party? Do you think there any possibility of political ramifications that are going to work against the G.O.P.?
Pegelow: It is both Republicans and Democrats. They both sit on these committees, and what it was under Bush they relaxed some restrictions. They hadn't blowout preventers because some of the oil companies were griping they did not want to have to spend an extra million dollars for additional things. A second set of shear rams and stuff like that. So they are operating in deep water here in the Gulf of Mexico and they could not operate in the North Sea that way. They would not allow them to use this dispersant called Corexit 9500.
Dr. Fetzer: Yes.
Pegelow: That is not allowed practically anyplace else, except it is allowed here. The other thing is after that IXTOP-1 well, is what happened is that the sheer rams, which are actually for the final safety thing that are just supposed to cut the pipe and seal it, they had the drill string in there and where the joints on the drill string are very thick, so after that, they decided that it was probably best for two sets of shear rams in there. It wouldn't cost a lot of money to put that in there and maybe you can't have some other major [thing] in there that you might want for well testing or something like that. So this thing, the blow-out, what you call the blow-out preventer, was sitting on the bottom of the ocean. I think it is was almost like four stories tall. And it is very complex. You need to get lots of testing and stuff like that. They are quite expensive. I don't know what this one or that would have cost. I know that in shallow waters, these things in a thousand feet of water can run several million dollars, so this may have been eight or ten million dollars total. Just for the blow-out preventer.
Dr. Fetzer: But was there a blow-out preventer in this case?
Pegelow: Oh yes, there was one, and somehow the shear rams did not seem to entirely close and there was apparently some of the hydraulic lines that, apparently some of the hydraulic lines were leaking. Apparently it was not able to develop the sort of pressure to cut it. So that is what I am hearing so far. But if they had a second set, at least you have got a 100% backup, right?
Dr. Fetzer: Yes, Charles, Charles --
Pegelow: Yes, then there are some --
Dr. Fetzer: Go ahead.
Pegelow: Then they also have another thing they call acoustical, and that acoustical I believe will automatically set it off. Instead of having someone on the deck having to press a button, what happened on the deck is they had an explosion of gas bubbles hopped out of there and apparently had an explosion that killed everybody, so apparently someone just was able to get to the sheer Ra,s and hit the button, but they should have had an automatic deal that apparently they did not have on this. You know, it really is kind of funny if you are going on something this critical you would think that you would have 100% backup on everything, you know.
Dr. Fetzer: Yes, it is quite unnerving Charles. Listen, I want to thank you for taking the time to discuss these matters with me and our audience. I think that they are really crucial. You have offered a lot of insights into what is going on Charles.
Pegelow: Like I said, we really don't have enough information. In a court room you have got what is called direct evidence, and circumstantial. So what is coming out now is a lot of circumstantial.We have basically no direct evidence. Tony Hayward is not telling us exactly what happened. And we have a lot of circumstantial, and from that circumstantial I guess that is where you speculate "why is this?" These tend to be the answers you come up with.
Dr. Fetzer: Charles, I want to thank you for coming on the show. This is Jim Fetzer, your host on the Real Deal concluding my conversation with my special guest this segment. Charles Pegelow, a structural engineer with extensive experience in the oil industry. Thank you so much Charles.
Pegelow: OK, thank you. [55:51]

 

Appendix:

Background on Charles Pegelow from the web page:
"A Structural Engineer Discusses WTC Collapse Theories" at 911Blogger.com

A Structural Engineer, Charles N. Pegelow, was a surprise guest on Jim Fetzer's radio program today (August 24, 2006).

Listen to the archived program; Jim Fetzer's "Non-Random Thoughts" - Thursday, August 24, 2006 (Pegelow is in the 2nd hour, David Ray Griffin in the 1st hour.)
http://mp3.rbnlive.com/Fetzer06.html

...and hear the guy speak for himself.

His resume;

Education:
B. S. Civil Engineering 1972, Lamar University
B. S. Mathematics 1972, Beaumont,Texas

Experience:

Present: FULTON CONSTRUCTION COMPANY - private consulting engineer/ contract

1998: Contract Engineering - Paragon Engineering Inc. (Houston, TX)
1) Shell Nigeria onshore gas gathering compressor flow stations and pipeline export station.
2) Mozambique - offshore field development and design for 4 caisson platforms and one central gas export caisson platform.

1997: Contract Engineering - Reading and Bates (Brownsville, TX)
Structural / construction project engineer for the upgrade of Rig 41 for 1000 meters drilling depth. Engineering, construction, scope of work for the support steel for the riser turn-down sheaves, substructure reinforcement, and many miscellaneous structures.

1994-1996: Contract Engineering - Fulton Construction Company (Houston/Livingston)

1994-1995: Hudson - McDermott (Houston)
LNG plant and export terminal for Trinidad. Cost optimization study and conceptual design for jetty and dredging, preparing bid tender documents and design specifications for jetty design / gangway / dredging / bulk steel / nav-aids / and misc. items. Plant foundation and steel design.

1979-1993: Conoco, Inc. (Houston)
Company project structural engineer and design engineer on various projects including drilling and production platforms, gaslift injection platforms, living quarters platforms, and many miscellaneous deck extensions, skids, and access platforms. Duties included feasibility studies, reviewing and writing specifications, design calculations, computer input/output, review/checking structural drawings, scope of work, design premises for outside source work, interfacing with other disciplines, and writing various reports.

1977-1979: Brown and Root, Inc. (Houston)
Structural designer of Gulf of Mexico type platforms. Also mud slide resistant platforms. Deck design, jacket tubular, foundation analysis, flotation and launch analysis, lifting and installation analysis.

1976: King-Wilkinson Ltd. (Scotland, U.K.)
Project management team for the installation of Occidental Petroleum's Claymore "A" platform. Duties included structural design of pile elevator clamps, pile alignment clamps, miscellaneous installation skids and platforms. Review and recommendation of bids for grouting and pile driving. Also, rigging review, pile driving sequence, and module installation.

1974-1976: Earl and Wright Consulting Engineer, SEDCO (San Francisco)
Structural design of North Sea type platforms, deck modules, large tubular joints, control capsules, deck support trusses, punching shear design, and parameter study for laterally loaded large diameter piles for Arabian Gulf SBM's, Semi-submersible platforms.

1972-1974: Associated Engineering Consultants (Houston)
Structural design, analysis, drafting and checking of structural drawings for commercial buildings. Steel structures, foundation, post tension concrete structures, tilt-up construction and high rise building structures.

CODES: Use of following national and industry codes: ASIC, API RP 2A, ANSI 58.1 (AISC), UBC, DNV, ASME Div. VIII vessel.

User profile for Charles N. Pegelow at Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth

 


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