Then is Also Now
This book brilliantly
weaves together a tapestry of anecdotes and insights to explain
to the reader why, as Rudyard Kipling once put it, “East is
East and West is West and never the twain shall meet.” As
the reader delves deeper into the book, one sees that the author
Ralph Townsend is not merely spinning anecdotes, but is supporting
profound insights about the underlying character of China. In this
Preface, I wish to explain how Ralph
Townsend’s frank insights remain timely, even in view of all
the developments that have taken place since the book was first
published in 1933.
America still lacks a wise policy that takes into account the realities
that this book describes so well. Instead, America’s elite
promote expedient policies that are not only the exact opposite
of the classical liberal principles upon which America was founded,
but also careen from one extreme to the other. One moment, they
preach irresponsible forms of so-called “free trade”
globalism that make quick money for narrow interests without reinvesting
in America as a whole over the long term. Once their expedient policies
run into serious domestic problems or create international conflicts,
they suddenly put aside their internationalist, “anti-racist”
campaigns and magically “discover” profound cultural,
racial, and character differences. We have already seen this erratic
approach applied towards the Muslim world, and now we are beginning
to see American neo-conservatives target China. It seems like only
yesterday when they portrayed China as a free trade Nirvana full
of nothing but wonderful, hardworking people.
A wise policy recognizes profound racial and cultural differences
in advance, but without hatred. True statesmanship enables Americans
to maintain enough self-sufficiency and enough of a respectful distance
so that we can trade with the Chinese to each other’s mutual
benefit over the long run in ways that do not put our respective
societies on a collision course.
America and China now appear to be on a collision course that could
have tragic consequences for both countries. China has grown steadily
in economic might in the last two decades, while America has been
declining in the opposite direction. America has become encumbered
with the loss of over 60% of its manufacturing base while at the
same time it has experienced exploding consumer, corporate, and
America’s chronic balance of trade deficits
tell us that we have lost
a huge portion of our former capacity to produce quality tradable
goods, while China’s huge trade surpluses say the exact opposite
for China. Our exploding debt
tells us that the real American economic pie is shrinking
and Americans are raiding their savings and are borrowing ever more
to make up for shortfalls. At the same time, the world is reaching
oil, and America and China find their gigantic hungry economies
competing head-to-head for increasingly scarce natural resources.
Clearly, it behooves Americans to learn more about these wily foreigners
who are steadily increasing their influence
over America’s destiny —and not necessarily to America’s
mutual benefit. But we also need to look at insiders here in America
who have promoted irresponsible and expedient globalist policies
in the first place, and who have dramatically increased our vulnerability
to China’s dark side.
In this Preface, I would like to add some
insights to Ralph Townsend’s discussion of racial differences.
I would also like to provide background on other issues. I will
discuss the way Townsend was persecuted for his views by the FDR
administration. I will also describe the changes brought to China
by communism, the unprincipled opportunism shown by America’s
elite, and lastly, how Townsend’s insights relate to America’s
current manufacturing and free trade crisis with China.
Since Ralph Townsend was associated with the American Old Right,
it seems appropriate to use this perspective to describe how Chinese
and American relations have evolved since 1933. I will use terms
such as “Old Right,” “traditional American conservatism,”
and “(19th century) classical
liberalism” interchangeably, since by today’s standards
they are all essentially synonymous.
Ralph Townsend preferred the Japanese to the Chinese. One reason
is he felt that Japanese culture more closely incorporates Western
concepts of honor. He noted how segments of Japanese society absorbed
over many centuries, a people with many similarities to Caucasians.
Townsend explained significant cultural and physical differences
in Chapter IX “Japan and the Chinese” of this book.
Townsend was ahead of his time by suggesting a sociobiological theory
for the origins of Chinese behavior, although the term “sociobiology”
itself had not yet been coined in 1933. Stated succinctly, several
thousands years of “man vs. man” Darwinian selection
under extremely harsh, crowded, miserable conditions has produced
a people whose bell-shaped curve of innate genetic traits has become
heavily skewed in the direction of duplicity, collectivism, and
authoritarianism. Anecdotally, Townsend offered images of Chinese
who can quote the high-minded platitudes of Confucius one moment
and then coolly cut ones throat the next; or who can act like canny
traders one moment and then later kow tow before capricious authority.
In contrast, Europeans are relatively recent descendents of highly
dispersed hunters, nomads, farmers, fishermen, warriors, and woodsmen
dependent upon technological innovation to survive under harsh,
quasi-Arctic “man vs. nature” conditions. Most Europeans
have experienced crowding and urban life, on average, for less than
a few hundred years. This different history has been relatively
slow at weeding out of their gene pool people who retain a strong
genetic predisposition towards individual initiative, personal expression,
honesty, technological innovation, chivalry, sentimentality, and
emotional and political territoriality (human rights). One can see
this today on a nursery school level where European kids tend to
act far more boisterous, exploratory, and individually assertive
compared to Chinese children.
Northern European societies in particular, going back to prehistoric
times, always had a large middle class of armed, self-sufficient
men and always tended to have a smaller underclass or peasantry
compared to most other societies. All this becomes very evident
whether one reads the ancient Greek and Roman and histories or the
Norse sagas and ancient Celtic lore. For that matter, one can read
The Winning of the West by Theodore Roosevelt
to get a vivid sense about how much of America was built by self-reliant
communities of Northern European-descended pioneers and backwoodsmen.
In contrast, Chinese and other Asian societies have tended to be
very pyramidal in their social structure, with incredibly large
“masses” of people at the bottom.
As a caveat, I will observe that since we are comparing populations,
we are really dealing with statistical distributions, not individualized
certainties. Even if Townsend is correct, some Chinese on a far
side of their bell-shaped statistical distribution curve are more
individualistic and expressive than the average Westerner. However,
when comparing the averages of both population curves, we see that
the average Westerner is more individualistic than the average Chinese
Caucasian strengths can also be their weaknesses. They are relatively
good at comprehending people who think the way they do, that is,
by ordering the world in ways that are relatively logical, coherent,
factual, and straight according to their relatively simple code
of honor. Paradoxically, many whites seem to have serious problems
comprehending alien peoples who routinely engage in a high level
of dissimilation and deception. Townsend discusses this anomaly
at some length in his chapters about Christian missionaries who
repeatedly get taken for a ride in China.
Why Civilizations Self-Destruct by the
American population expert Dr. Elmer Pendell provides another important
alternative perspective to Ways That Are Dark.
Dr. Pendell described how civilizations tend to sow the seeds of
their own demise on a genetic level. According to Dr. Pendell, civilizations
create niches that allow the unfit to reproduce at a faster rate
than the fit, thereby reversing evolution. Civilizations go into
decline when innately nonproductive people begin to outnumber producers.
This drags down the overall level of social competence and efficiency.
I think that Townsend caught on to another important dimension,
namely that when civilizations suffer the forms of overcrowding
and stagnation described by Pendell, increasing percentages of crooked
people rise to the top, thereby further degrading the tone of the
society and accelerating the speed in which civilizations fossilize.
This can stack long-term Darwinian selective factors even more against
traditional Western values that include honesty, free expression,
and individual rights.
Many Chinese view Caucasians as childish, boisterous, upstart barbarians.
In their view, the greater Chinese capacity for subtlety and dissimilation
may reflect a greater form of realism. It may also reflect the superior
refinement of a people with a longer perpetual tenure in civilized
Actually the view that the Chinese have the oldest civilization
is not quite accurate, given the early origin of Sumer created by
Indo-Europeans, and evidence of advanced implements now being discovered
in Northern Europe. However, as Dr. Pendell pointed out, Indo-Europeans
tended to create the massive monuments of congested civilizations
outside of their indigenous quasi-Arctic habitats after they migrated
southward to easier climates, whereas the Chinese of today are descended
from people who have endured their congested civilization for thousands
of years in the same place.
One might argue that like parts of Europe and the Middle East, China
also experienced the impact of peoples who migrated southward from
harder northlands. These peoples included the Mongols and the Hun.
Environmental theories of history based on learning cannot explain
why the Chinese built the Great Wall of China facing the relatively
desolate northern lands. If the continual advancement of major world
civilizations depended solely on the accumulation of learning and
experience, then the Chinese should have built their Great Wall
on their southern border facing the remains of very ancient civilizations
ranging from Indo-China to India. Only genetic theory can explain
why the Chinese feared the peoples of the north rather than the
south. In the northlands, the cruel winters sculptured human gene
pools in the direction of greater physical robustness required to
battle the cold. These lands also required a greater innate capacity
for technological problem-solving to create winter survival equipment.
I think that we should not emphasize biological theories to the
point that we overly stereotype or underestimate the Chinese. They
have surprised Westerners with their ability to introduce free market
reforms in the last two decades. They have also made impressive
gains in advanced technology research. In fact, a number of American
conservatives have remarked bitterly that some parts of the Chinese
economy now appear to be more deregulated and laissez faire than
the U.S. economy. The brilliant libertarian writer Dr. Paul Craig
observed that America now has more prisoners per capita than any
other country in the world, including presumably China.
One might wonder if the Chinese are simply copying external libertarian
forms from us while retaining a very different internal substance.
Even today, one comes across articles such as “What
Taiwanese Fear” by antiwar.com columnist Sascha Matuszak
(posted Aug 23, 2002). This kind of article reinforces Ralph Townsend’s
persecution of Ralph Townsend and other rightists by the Franklin
D. Roosevelt Administration
Ralph Townsend served as a Vice Consul in the U.S. Foreign Service
in Shanghai, Montreal, and the State Department in Washington before
he resigned in 1933 to pursue public relations work in New York
and San Francisco. During the late 1930’s he became well connected
with Japanese governmental and commercial agents on the West Coast,
and published books such as Asia Answers,
The High Costs of Hate, America
Has No Enemies in Asia, and Seeking Foreign
Trouble. He created enemies in the FDR administration
because of his efforts to tell the Japanese side of the story in
its war with China.
After Pearl Harbor, anyone who had anything to do with the Japanese
became extremely unpopular, particularly in the Western United States
where FDR sent 120,000 Japanese-Americans to concentration
camps. According to a March 27, 1942 San Francisco
News story, Ralph Townsend was one of six individuals
who were indicted as agents
of the Japanese Government.
Later, President Roosevelt invoked the peacetime Smith Act of June
28, 1940 and the Espionage Act of 1917. The Smith Act was originally
intended to curb communist-inspired insubordination in the Armed
Forces. As is often the case with laws, they have unintended consequences,
and ironically these supposedly anti-Red laws were now being used
against American rightists. Townsend and forty-one other Americans
were indicted for “sedition,” of whom thirty went to
trial. Townsend himself spent a year in federal prison while undergoing
According to Lawrence Dennis, one of the defendants, FDR’s
real purpose was intimidation. Rather than indict the most famous
America First leaders, such as Charles Lindbergh, the Reverend Charles
Coughlin, Henry Ford, and a number of nationalist Congressman, FDR
chose to pick on the more vulnerable next tier down. FDR’s
targets included not only Ralph Townsend, but also Elizabeth Dilling,
a socially prominent matron from the Chicago area who made enemies
authoring books such as The Plot Against Christianity
and The Roosevelt Red Record and Its Background.
FDR also picked on an eighty two year old man of meager means who
put out a small circulation newsletter. Dennis himself was a former
diplomat, author, and advisor to prominent congressional critics.
About the only thing that Dennis, Townsend, Dilling, and the other
defendants had in common is that they all despised FDR and his policies.
Sedition Trial,” as it was named in the book A
Trial on Trial by defendant Lawrence Dennis and his
attorney Maximilian St. George, quickly degenerated into a farce.
The U.S. Government charged the 30 trial defendants with being part
of some kind of fantastic co-conspiracy with Adolf Hitler to spread
Nazi propaganda and undermine American military morale in wartime.
The court case commenced in 1944 and dragged on until November 22,
1946, when a judge finally dismissed all charges against the defendants
stating that allowing the case to continue would be “a travesty
According to the Barnes
Review, “Well-known names did come to Townsend’s
defense during his dark days in prison. Among them included such
nationalist giants of the U.S. Senate as Robert A. Taft, Burton
Wheeler, Gerald Nye, and Rush Holt. These senators informed Roosevelt
that unless Townsend was freed they would personally take his case
to the floor of the Senate and use it as a springboard to expose
the administrations `political purge’ for what it really was:
an attempt to silence America First critics of Roosevelt’s
war policy. The charges against Townsend and the others were dropped
and he and his so-called `co-conspirators’ (none of whom he
had ever met) were freed.”
The Barnes Review also notes that Townsend
remained active in public affairs in the post war years. During
that period, he befriended numerous historical revisionist scholars.
He passed away in 1975 at age 76.
We know today from the Venona
Papers, released KGB archives, and other records that FDR’s
administration was indeed thick with real Reds. They included FDR’s
close advisor Alger Hiss, a proven Moscow agent. We can also look
at the genocidal Morganthal
Plan against Germans promulgated by Roosevelt’s Jewish
Secretary of the Treasury as evidence of extreme bias within his
Today, we can also see how underhanded efforts by the FDR administration
and its national media confederates to stymie the broader America
First political agenda has impacted America. We see how imperial
overstretch, runaway government, massive illegal alien immigration,
and blank-check support for Zionism have all contributed towards
the ruin America faces today. The defendants in the Sedition Trial
are becoming increasingly vindicated with the passage of time.
The photo on the front page of this ebook shows a stone-faced Chou En-Lai, Chairman Mao Tse-Tung’s right hand man, in the background observing Chairman Mao Tse-Tung make a point with U.S. Secretary of State Dr. Henry Kissinger. To certain modern liberals,
this picture might reflect a crowning glory of enlightened diplomacy.
To traditional American conservatives, this may instead reflect
an ominous continuation of the dark themes of Townsend’s work.
An appropriate caption might be: “Dark Lord of the East edifies
Dark Lord of the West.”
According to Mao:
The Unknown Story by Jung Chang and Jon Halliday,
at the time of the photo in 1972, Chou En-Lai had cancer, but Mao
Tse-Tung would not allow him to receive treatment for fear that
Chou might outlive him. Nice guy.
Chang and Halliday point out that the Red Emperor was hardly benevolent
in other ways. “Mao caused the greatest famine in history
by exporting food to Russia to buy nuclear and arms industries:
38 million people were starved and slave-driven to death in 1958-61.
Mao knew exactly what was happening, saying: `half of China may
well have to die.’" The authors claim that Mao succeeded
in becoming the greatest mass murderer in history, with somewhere
over 70 million victims.
While Chinese Communists are often credited with eradicating
the terrible scourge of opium that Townsend wrote about, even here
there is a twist. According to Chang and Halliday, Mao himself grew
opium on a large scale.
Dr. Henry Kissinger has a special talent for hitting the nerves
of traditional American conservatives with quotes such as: “Military
men are dumb, stupid animals to be used as pawns for foreign policy,”
“The illegal we do immediately. The unconstitutional takes
a little longer,” and “Today Americans would be outraged
if U. N. troops entered Los Angeles to restore order; tomorrow they
will be grateful!”
Aligned with Rothschild and other elite Zionist interests, multinational
Trilateralists, “Bilderberg” globalists, central bankers,
and other shadowy “New World Order” entities, Dr. Henry
Kissinger is not exactly an object of adoration by most traditional
American conservatives. In fact, he has been in league with forces
that have pushed America in the exact opposite direction over the
last hundred years from what was advocated by its Founding Fathers.
He also seems to symbolize all the ways in which American involvement
with China has gone wrong since World War II.
Michael Collins Piper’s landmark work Final
Judgment: The Missing Link in the JFK Assassination Conspiracy,
provides important contextual background on the real Chinese connection
to America’s hidden elite. Mr. Piper describes how Israeli
scientists worked cooperatively with the Red Chinese behind the
scenes in the early 1960’s to help each other get the atomic
bomb. Israeli writer Uri Dan stated that it was “the dream”
of Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion to forge ties with the
Chinese and to “bring two of the world’s most ancient
people’s together” (Final Judgment,
p. 407, 6th edition).
According to Mr. Piper, President John F. Kennedy not only sought
to block Israeli bomb development, but was also planning a military
strike to knock out Red Chinese nuclear facilities. As a consequence,
Israel’s Mossad, segments of America’s CIA, and mobsters
controlled by America’s Jewish organized crime boss Meyer
Lansky, all worked together to assassinate John F. Kennedy on
November 22, 1963. Red China tested its first atomic bomb in October
By the time of the Kissinger - Mao Tse Tung - Chou En-Lai photograph, America’s
national media continued its cover up not only of the real culprits
behind the JFK assassination, but also Israel’s deliberate
attack on the U.S.S. Liberty
in 1967. In fact, as Wilmot Robertson documented in his brilliant
Dispossessed Majority, these people continued
to act against the interests of America’s declining white
middle class on many different levels.
According to the former publication The Spotlight
(later reincarnated as The
American Free Press), in the era following Kissinger’s
“détente,” Israel continued to make big money
by selling U.S. armaments to Red China behind the scenes, and even
had the audacity to transport them in the hulls of visiting U.S.
Navy ships. According to Michael Collins Piper, Israel has remained
a major arms supplier to Red China.
and the American manufacturing crisis
Fast-forwarding to the present, I agree with Eamonn Fingleton’s
thesis in his excellent book In
Praise of Hard Industries: Why Manufacturing, Not the Information
Economy, the Key to Future Prosperity that a nation’s
manufacturing infrastructure comprises the bedrock of its service
sector job creation and its capacity for long term automation innovation
and productive reinvestment. Mr. Fingleton explains the vital strategic
importance of the manufacturing sector, given its ability to infinitely
scale up productivity growth through the continuing automation revolution,
combined with its superior ability to raise wages and create jobs
relative to capital costs.
In a healthy society, manufacturing infrastructure should never
fall below roughly a third of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Furthermore,
sustainable mutual prosperity in foreign trade is not some kind
of zero sum game in which sending a portion of ones manufacturing
base overseas requires accepting a higher percentage of service
jobs within the domestic economy. Rather, it is a case where all
countries that aspire to be a part of the First World must strive
to maintain a manufacturing base that is at least one third of GDP.
Profitability may seem more sluggish at times with this policy compared
to unfettered free trade that promotes the immediate export of jobs
and industry wherever they can score quick bucks, but in the long
run a policy that encourages continual reinvestment
and innovation in domestic hard industries does far more to create
real wealth for everyone.
Currently the Caterpillar Corporation is an example of a U.S. company
that has chosen to keep investing heavily in American factories
and workers. It remains the global leader in its industry, delivering
higher quality at lower costs. In contrast, both General Motors
and Ford are examples of companies that have failed to adequately
invest at home. Both GM and Ford have been experiencing rising risks
of financial distress.
Heedless of the need to invest in America, short-sighted American
executives have exported 60% of America’s manufacturing base
overseas in an effort to immediately exploit cheap labor. This has
dropped domestic manufacturing to below 14% of GDP. Much of our
manufacturing base has gone to China. Fingleton points out that
as part of their free trade religion, American executives have even
ignored Chinese who have freely pirated American software, patents,
and anything else that is not nailed down.
Meanwhile, the innovativeness, flexibility, and quality of America’s
management has deteriorated further as a consequence of affirmative
action programs, excessive regulation, and other forms of leftist
government intervention, adding even more pressure to outsource
jobs overseas. This vicious circle has resulted in an implosion
in well-paying jobs in America and a very serious decline in net
national assets and the real average standard of living.
old wine in new bottles
While the export of America’s manufacturing base to China
was not an issue when Townsend completed Ways That Are
Dark in 1933, on a more abstract conceptual level,
he did in fact address old wine that has been poured into new bottles.
He describes at great length how Chinese repeatedly took ruthless
advantage of Western Christian missionaries, and how these true
believers kept repeating the same mistakes over and over again.
Simply substitute “Christian missionary” with “American
multinational corporate executive,” and then substitute “Christianity”
with “modern liberalism and unfettered globalist free trade
ideology” and you arrive at almost identical patterns of denial
and other delusional behavior.
Some very serious rude awakenings may lie ahead. In 2005, Chinese
Chenghu said that he believed that his government was under
internal pressure to change its “no first use” policy.
In other words, China might consider using nukes to defend its claim
on Taiwan. This kind of warning hardly soothes the nerves of anyone
worried about a possible military showdown between America and China,
not to mention a possible confiscation of American assets on the
Meanwhile, American “leaders” have allowed the Chinese,
Japanese, and other Asians to hold such massive levels of American
debt and foreign exchange that they could easily sink the dollar
by dumping their reserves. This could force a massive increase in
import prices. When or if the Chinese, Japanese, and other foreigners
decide to hold back on buying American new debt issues, they can
force America’s central bankers to create ever more dollars
out of thin air to cover the short falls. This in turn can spiral
America into hyperinflation.
traditional American values can provide a framework to get along
with the Chinese on a long term, sustainable basis
I genuinely wish that American leaders could develop realistic policies
that would enable us to work with the Chinese in ways that are mutually
respectful and beneficial over the long run. I believe that 19th
century classical liberal principles, which once produced an excellent
economic track record in America, could provide a frame of reference.
Many 19th century classical liberals promoted white racial nationalism
and other forms of “charity begins at home” white self-determination
and group survival without hatred. They sought foreign trade and
encouraged humanitarian aid, but without imperialistic foreign entanglements,
without growth of government that threatens human liberty, and without
compromise of domestic economic self-sufficiency. They focused on
hard scientific, technological, and manufacturing progress as a
substitute for such evils as waging aggressive war or creating a
casino society focused on financial speculation. Classical liberals
sought to deal with others through enough strength, with enough
self-sufficiency, and with enough of a margin for error so that
they could go through life without exposing themselves to other
people’s dark sides.
In contrast, so-called modern liberals have rejected all the common
sense cautions of classical liberals. By preaching unrealistic concepts
of racial equality, by denigrating white self-sufficiency, by encouraging
reckless multi-cultural diversity, and by promoting completely open
borders, big government interventionist crusades, and unfettered
free trade, “modern” liberals have paradoxically distorted
the American economy and made us more vulnerable to the dark sides
of alien peoples. This is likely to create far more hatred, hardship,
and bloodshed in the long run than if we had remained true to the
classical liberal principles upon which America was founded.
Put another way, I believe that over the long run “modern”
liberalism will prove to be just as bad for the Chinese as for Americans.
In fact, as a final paradox, in many ways this book has helped me
to better appreciate recent Chinese government efforts at pragmatic
reform. Although China’s leaders are involved in many things
that I vigorously oppose here in the U.S., such as Internet censorship,
this book has helped me better understand how Chinese problems are
much deeper, more complex, and more difficult than most Americans
|Feb 19, 2006